Medicinal Chemistry Research

, Volume 26, Issue 11, pp 2743–2750 | Cite as

Phytochemical characterization and biological activity of secondary metabolites from three Limonium species

  • Anastassiya V. Gadetskaya
  • Shaymaa M. Mohamed
  • Amer H. Tarawneh
  • Nesma M. Mohamed
  • Guoyi Ma
  • Boris N. Ponomarev
  • Galiya E. Zhusupova
  • Charles L. Cantrell
  • Stephen J. Cutler
  • Samir  A. RossEmail author
Original Research


The comparative phytochemical constituents of three Limonium species Limonium myrianthum, Limonium leptophyllum, and Limonium gmelinii afforded a new compound (2R,3S)-2,3,4-trihydroxy-2-methylbutyl gallate (1) and twenty known compounds (221). Each species displayed different profiles in their phytochemical constituents. The isolated compounds (1–21) were evaluated for antifungal, antimalarial, and antitrypanosomal activities. Compound 1 showed good activity against chloroquine-resistant and chloroquine-sensitive strains of malaria, while compound 5 displayed moderate antimalarial activity. Compound 14 showed a significant activity against Trypanosoma brucei.


Plumbaginaceae Limonium Antifungal Antimalarial Antitrypanosomal 



We are grateful to the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the National Center for Natural Products Research (NCNPR), University of Mississippi, School of Pharmacy, USA for financial support. Also we are grateful to Dr. Melissa Jacob, Dr. Shabana Khan, and Dr. Babu Tekwani for performing antibacterial, antifungal, antimalarial, and antileishmanial bioassays.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no competing interests.

Supplementary material

44_2017_1973_MOESM1_ESM.doc (8.5 mb)
Supplementary Information


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anastassiya V. Gadetskaya
    • 1
    • 2
  • Shaymaa M. Mohamed
    • 1
    • 3
  • Amer H. Tarawneh
    • 4
    • 5
  • Nesma M. Mohamed
    • 1
    • 3
  • Guoyi Ma
    • 1
  • Boris N. Ponomarev
    • 6
  • Galiya E. Zhusupova
    • 2
  • Charles L. Cantrell
    • 7
  • Stephen J. Cutler
    • 4
  • Samir  A. Ross
    • 1
    • 4
    Email author
  1. 1.National Center for Natural Products ResearchUniversity of MississippiUniversityUSA
  2. 2.School of Chemistry and Chemical TechnologyAl-Farabi Kazakh National UniversityAlmatyKazakhstan
  3. 3.Pharmacognosy Department, Faculty of PharmacyAssiut UniversityAssiutEgypt
  4. 4.Department of BioMolecular Sciences, School of PharmacyUniversity of MississippiUniversityUSA
  5. 5.Department of ChemistryTafila Technical UniversityTafilaJordan
  6. 6.Institute of Plant Biology and BiotechnologyAlmatyKazakhstan
  7. 7.Natural Products Utilization Research UnitUSDA-ARSUniversityUSA

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