The influence of built, natural and social environment on physical activity among adults and elderly in southern Brazil: a population-based study
- 94 Downloads
This study investigated the association of built, natural and social environment variables with the practice of physical activity (PA) during leisure time and commuting.
Household interviews were carried out with a representative sample of individuals aged 18 years or older from a municipality in southern Brazil. PA was measured by the International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and households were georeferenced with a 500-m buffer.
Few associations between environmental variables and PA practice were identified. Only proximity to the seafront, presence of private gyms or sports clubs and higher average monthly income of the household head were associated with the practice of PA. In addition, there were inconsistencies in the findings showing that the associations varied based on the intensity and modality of PA within the same domain.
This study provides evidence on the lack of association between objective environmental measures and the practice of PA. Although there were few significant results and the presence of inconsistencies in the findings, some environmental variables were associated with a more frequent practice of PA.
KeywordsEnvironment Leisure activity Geographic information system Walking Spatial analysis Urban population
JLB performed the data analysis and drafted the manuscript. RGP supervised the collection of data and critically reviewed the article. SCD conceived the study and critically reviewed the article. All authors approved the final version of the manuscript.
This study was supported by Foundation for Research Support of the State of Rio Grande do Sul (FAPERGS), Grant ARD/PPP/2014, Application No. 16/2551-0000359-9.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflict of interest.
All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.
Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.
- Filmer D, Pritchett LH (2001) Estimating wealth effects without expenditure data—or tears: an application to educational enrollments in states of India. Demography 38:115–132Google Scholar
- Garber CE, Blissmer B, Deschenes MR, Franklin BA, Lamonte MJ, Lee IM, Swain DP (2011) Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc 43:1334–1359CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística (IBGE) (2011) Censo Demográfico 2010: Características da População e dos domicílios: Resultados. IBGE, Rio de JaneiroGoogle Scholar
- Kienteka M, Fermino RC, Reis RS (2013) Fatores individuais e ambientais associados com o uso de bicicleta por adultos: uma revisão sistemática. Rev Bras de Ativ Fís e Saúde 19:12Google Scholar
- Matsudo S, Araujo T, Marsudo V, Andrade D, Andrade E, Braggion G (2001) Questionário internacional de atividade física (IPAQ): estudo de validade e reprodutibilidade no Brasil. Rev Bras de Ativ Fís e Saúde 6:05–18Google Scholar
- Vigitel Brazil 2017: surveillance of risk and protective factors for chronic diseases by telephone survey: estimates of Frequency and sociodemographic distribution of risk and protective factors for chronic diseases in the capitals of the 26 Brazilian states and the Federal District in 2017. Brazilian: Ministry of Health, Secretariat of Health Surveillance, Department of Surveillance of Diseases and Non-Communicable Diseases and Health Promotion 2018Google Scholar