International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 63, Issue 8, pp 969–976 | Cite as

Building collaborative capability between law enforcement and civil society leaders to prevent urban violence

  • Rob WorrallEmail author
  • Finn Kjaerulf
Original Article



This research paper analyses how applying a Place-Based Leadership Development (P-BLD) programme adds value to an ongoing intersectoral Urban Violence Prevention Programme (IUVP) in Kenya building trust within collaboratives in the intersection between the historically adversarial law enforcement and civil society sectors.


Data on participants’ experience of the P-BLD programme were systematically collected through detailed pre- and post-session questionnaires which included a series of challenging but open questions. A framework analysis was undertaken to draw out the common themes.


By surfacing emotional, relational and structural tensions between law enforcement and civil society within the context of IUVP, the P-BLD programme has enabled leaders to become more open to and respecting others’ perspectives as a first step towards a more collaborative mindset.


The P-BLD programme is having a positive impact, explicitly addressing the tensions and enabling leaders to share their concerns and challenges in working towards violence prevention at the intersection between law enforcement and civil society. Moreover, this approach is replicable creating new knowledge and sustainable mechanisms for violence prevention within urban areas across the world.


Criminal justice Intersectoral urban violence prevention Collaboratives Violence reduction Place-based leadership development Civil society Mindset Trust Collective impact 


Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

This study is part of an ongoing research project, and it was carried out in accordance with University Ethics guidelines as approved by the University Research Ethics Group (UREG).

Informed consent

Research participants were provided with an informed consent form explaining that research would be an integral part of and improve the P-BLD programme’s effectiveness as well as the background and purpose of the research. Informed consent forms were signed by both the research team and participants and clearly set out participant’s right to withdraw from the study.


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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of SunderlandSunderlandUK
  2. 2.DIGNITY – Danish Institute Against TortureCopenhagenDenmark
  3. 3.Institute of Public Administration(UCD/NUI)DublinIreland

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