International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 63, Issue 9, pp 1109–1121 | Cite as

Association between objectively measured built environments and adult physical activity in Gyeonggi province, Korea

  • Eun Young Lee
  • Sugie Lee
  • Bo Youl ChoiEmail author
Original Article



In the present study, the association between objectively measured built environments and physical activity (PA) was examined.


Data were obtained from the Korean Community Health Survey (KCHS). A total of 82,419 individuals living in 546 neighborhoods of Gyeonggi province were analyzed. Built environments were measured by geographic information systems (GIS) using Korean government databases. PA was assessed using the IPAQ—short form. Multilevel logistic regression was performed.


Living in a community with a short distance to parks was associated with a 42% increased odds of PA; living in a community with low population density was associated with a 21% decreased odds of PA. However, most variations in PA were attributed to individual factors. Additionally, gender-specific correlates associated with PA were observed.


Although the associations of individual factors with PA were stronger than of community factors, notably, built environments influenced most people in a community. Therefore, along with health education and service, policy makers and planners should consider more parks in less populated areas to create a supportive environment for PA.


Built environment GIS Physical activity Multilevel analysis Korea 



This work was supported by a National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grant funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning) (No. 2015R1C1A2A01054052).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute for Health and Society, Hanyang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Department of Preventive Medicine, College of MedicineHanyang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea
  3. 3.Department of Urban Planning and EngineeringHanyang UniversitySeoulRepublic of Korea

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