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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 63, Issue 7, pp 875–882 | Cite as

Socio-economic status and chronic disease in the West Bank and the Gaza Strip: in and outside refugee camps

  • Marie Jonassen
  • Amira Shaheen
  • Mohammed Duraidi
  • Khaled Qalalwa
  • Bernard Jeune
  • Henrik Brønnum-Hansen
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

The study investigated the association between socio-economic status (SES) and self-reported chronic disease (CD) among the Palestinian population in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, and whether this association was similar in the refugee camps.

Methods

We used data from representative samples in 2006 and 2010 collected by the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. SES was defined by education, wealth and employment status. Associations between SES and CD were analysed and stratified by living in or outside refugee camps.

Results

CD prevalence increased among men and decreased among women in all SES categories and the Odds Ratio for CD was higher inside than outside the refugee camps, except for women in 2006. In both 2006 and 2010 the odds ratio of CD was higher among the lowest SES groups. The pattern of the negative association between SES and CD was similar in and outside the refugee camps.

Conclusions

We found that the highest burden of CD is among those with low SES. In spite of a higher CD Odds Ratio in the refugee camps, the pattern of association between SES and CD did not differ in the refugee camps.

Keywords

Palestinian Socio-economic factors Chronic disease Refugees 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

Participants in the study have given an informed consent to participate.

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marie Jonassen
    • 1
  • Amira Shaheen
    • 2
  • Mohammed Duraidi
    • 3
  • Khaled Qalalwa
    • 3
  • Bernard Jeune
    • 4
  • Henrik Brønnum-Hansen
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Public HealthUniversity of CopenhagenCopenhagenDenmark
  2. 2.Public Health DivisionAn-Najah National UniversityNablusPalestine
  3. 3.Palestinian Central Bureau of StatisticsRamallahPalestine
  4. 4.Institute of Public Health, University of Southern DenmarkOdenseDenmark

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