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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 64, Issue 1, pp 49–58 | Cite as

Trajectories of health-related quality of life in immigrants and non-immigrants in Germany: a population-based longitudinal study

  • Yuriy NesterkoEmail author
  • Carmen Meiwes Turrión
  • Michael Friedrich
  • Heide Glaesmer
Original Article

Abstract

Objectives

Due to a lack of longitudinal studies on health in immigrants, the purpose of the present study is to investigate trajectories of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in immigrants and non-immigrants in Germany by considering the impact of immigration-related factors.

Methods

Based on longitudinal SOEP data from 2002 to 2012, the trajectories of the mental (MCS) and physical component (PCS) of HRQoL (assessed with SF-12v2) were analyzed in 8546 subjects, including 1064 immigrants by conducting hierarchical linear models.

Results

MCS remains stable over time, whereas PCS shows a decrease, influenced by increasing age. There were no differences between immigrants and non-immigrants concerning PCS trajectories as well as no influence of immigration-related factors on it. In contrast, MCS trajectories were influenced by immigration-related factors: 2nd-generation immigrants, participants from Turkey or Southern Europe and those who immigrated at young age show a slight decrease in MCS over time.

Conclusions

The results show negative association between MCS and time in different groups of immigrants. Future research is needed for better conceptualization of the complex interplay between health and migration over time to identify subgroups at greater risk for mental distress.

Keywords

HRQoL Immigrants Longitudinal SF-12 

Abbreviations

HRQoL

Health-related quality of life

MCS

Mental health component summary scale of the SF-12v2

PCS

Physical health component summary scale of the SF-12v2

SOEP

Socio-Economic Panel

FSU

Former Soviet Union

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical statements

As our study has involved only a secondary analysis of anonymized data, an ethics approval was not required. Detailed information on ethical clearance and informed consent given by the participants can be found on Research Infrastructure “Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) via internet (https://www.diw.de/soep).

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Copyright information

© Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yuriy Nesterko
    • 1
    Email author
  • Carmen Meiwes Turrión
    • 1
  • Michael Friedrich
    • 1
  • Heide Glaesmer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Medical Psychology and Medical SociologyUniversity of LeipzigLeipzigGermany

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