Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing

, Volume 37, Issue 9, pp 4136–4149 | Cite as

An Improving EFA for Clutter Suppression by Using the Persymmetric Covariance Matrix Estimation

  • Yan ZhouEmail author
  • Lin Wang
  • Xiaoxuan Chen
  • Cai Wen
  • Bo Jiang
  • Dingyi Fang
Short Paper


The extended factored approach (EFA) is believed to be one of the most efficient and practical space–time adaptive processing (STAP) algorithms for clutter suppression in an airborne radar system. However, it cannot effectively work in the airborne radar system with large antenna array for the huge computational cost and the lack of training sample. To solve these problems, a bi-iterative algorithm based on the persymmetric covariance matrix estimation is proposed in this paper. Firstly, the clutter covariance matrix is estimated by using the original data, the constructed spatial transformed data, the constructed temporal transformed data and the constructed spatial–temporal transformed data. Secondly, the spatial weight vector in EFA is decomposed as the Kronecker products of two short weight vectors. Finally, the bi-iterative algorithm is exploited to obtain the desired weight vectors. Thus, the improving EFA with small training sample demanding is realized. Experimental results demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method under small training sample support.


Space–time adaptive processing (STAP) Clutter suppression Bi-iterative Airborne radar 



The authors would like to thank very much the Handing Editor and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable comments and suggestions that have significantly improved the manuscript. This work was sponsored in part by National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grants 61503300 and 41601353 and the Scientific Research Plan of Education Department of Shaanxi Province under Grant 17JK0789.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yan Zhou
    • 1
    Email author
  • Lin Wang
    • 1
  • Xiaoxuan Chen
    • 1
  • Cai Wen
    • 1
  • Bo Jiang
    • 1
  • Dingyi Fang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Information Science and TechnologyNorthwest UniversityXi’anChina

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