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Circuits, Systems, and Signal Processing

, Volume 37, Issue 9, pp 3785–3826 | Cite as

Cascade–Cascade Least Mean Square (LMS) Adaptive Noise Cancellation

  • Awadhesh Kumar Maurya
Article

Abstract

The paper presents a new model of noise cancellation using cascading of cascaded LMS adaptive filters. The model has a combination of ‘\(2N+1\)’ LMS filters for N-stage of adaptive noise cancellation. First LMS filter works as a basic noise canceller, next two work as 1st stage of noise canceller using a cascaded form of LMS filters known as LMS Block-1, and all others have the same arrangement as LMS Block-1 known as LMS Block-2, LMS Block-3, \(\ldots \), LMS Block-N. The LMS Block has a two-stage noise reduction of the additive noise or interference. LMS Block-1 is cascaded noise canceller, determines and reduces noise again after reduction in noise from 1st LMS filter. The analysis and simulation model gives the responses of noise cancellation like error signal, output signal and signal-to-noise ratio with respect to step sizes, filter lengths and initial weight of filters. This paper also shows the simulation of cascade–cascade LMS adaptive noise cancellation for two stages (\(N = 2\)) and gives the higher signal-to-noise ratio at Nth stage with respect to previous stages. It is the next novel point of this paper that no other elements are present in the cascade–cascade LMS adaptive noise cancellation rather than LMS filters as noise canceller.

Keywords

Adaptive filter Noise cancellation LMS filter Cascaded model Step size Signal-to-noise ratio 

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics and Communication EngineeringCollege of Engineering and Technology, IILM Academy of Higher LearningGreater Noida, Gautam Buddh NagarIndia

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