Pure stress modes for linear viscoelastic flows with variable coefficients
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We consider the equations of a linear Maxwell fluid with spatially varying coefficients. Pure stress modes are solutions with zero velocity but nonzero stresses. We derive equations to characterize such solutions. In two dimensions, we find that under generic hypotheses only certain “trivial” solutions exist. In three dimensions, on the other hand, there exist nontrivial solutions. To get them, we derive a system of partial differential equations whose type (elliptic or hyperbolic) depends on the sign of the Gauss curvature of level surfaces of the relaxation time.
KeywordsLinear viscoelastic flow Maxwell fluid Stress modes
Mathematics Subject ClassificationPrimary 76A10
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