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Transformation Groups

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 841–874 | Cite as

ISOTROPIC SCHUR ROOTS

  • CHARLES PAQUETTE
  • JERZY WEYMAN
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

In this paper, we study the isotropic Schur roots of an acyclic quiver Q with n vertices. We study the perpendicular category \( \mathcal{A}(d) \) of a dimension vector d and give a complete description of it when d is an isotropic Schur δ. This is done by using exceptional sequences and by defining a subcategory ℛ(Q, δ) attached to the pair (Q, δ). The latter category is always equivalent to the category of representations of a connected acyclic quiver Q of tame type, having a unique isotropic Schur root, say δ . The understanding of the simple objects in \( \mathcal{A}\left(\delta \right) \) allows us to get a finite set of generators for the ring of semiinvariants SI(Q, δ) of Q of dimension vector δ. The relations among these generators come from the representation theory of the category ℛ(Q, δ) and from a beautiful description of the cone of dimension vectors of \( \mathcal{A}\left(\delta \right) \). Indeed, we show that SI(Q, δ) is isomorphic to the ring of semi-invariants SI(Q , δ ) to which we adjoin variables. In particular, using a result of Skowroński and Weyman, the ring SI(Q, δ) is a polynomial ring or a hypersurface. Finally, we provide an algorithm for finding all isotropic Schur roots of Q. This is done by an action of the braid group B n − 1 on some exceptional sequences. This action admits finitely many orbits, each such orbit corresponding to an isotropic Schur root of a tame full subquiver of Q.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics and Computer ScienceRoyal Military College of CanadaKingstonCanada
  2. 2.Department of MathematicsUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

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