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Aquatic Sciences

, 81:62 | Cite as

Ecological effects of a supra-seasonal drought on macroinvertebrate communities differ between near-perennial and ephemeral river reaches

  • M. J. HillEmail author
  • K. L. Mathers
  • S. Little
  • T. Worrall
  • J. Gunn
  • P. J. Wood
Research Article

Abstract

The duration, intensity and frequency of hydrological droughts are predicted to increase significantly over the 21st century globally, threatening the long-term stability of lotic communities. In this paper we examine the recovery and recolonization of macroinvertebrate taxa in ephemeral and near perennial reaches of the River Lathkill (UK) after a supra-seasonal drought event. Following flow resumption, species accumulation (recolonization) occurred rapidly over a 4-month period, with a steady increase observed thereafter. Taxonomic richness was significantly higher in the section with near perennial flow after the first month of the study than the naturally ephemeral reach. Serial correlation was observed in the near perennial section but not in the upstream ephemeral reach. Serial correlation in the near perennial section may reflect: (1) the ongoing process of recovery or (2) the macroinvertebrate community following a new ecological trajectory. Our results suggest that supra-seasonal droughts may cause initial reductions in lotic diversity during stream desiccation events but may re-set ecological succession and/or temporarily provide new ecological niches, thereby supporting increased taxonomic diversity when the full range of hydrological conditions are considered. Quantifying the recovery of ecological communities following supra-seasonal drought can provide information to help develop ecologically effective conservation and management strategies.

Keywords

Aquatic conservation Biodiversity Community composition Disturbance Ephemeral streams Lotic habitat 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We would like to acknowledge the technical support of Stuart Ashby and Barry Kenny in undertaking this research. Natural England gave permission for invertebrate sampling and funded collection of hydrological data in Lathkill Dale through grants to JG. Kevin Bull (former Senior Reserve Manager/Group Coordinator, Derbyshire Dales National Nature Reserve) and Shaun Taylor (Reserve Manager, Derbyshire Dales National Nature Reserve) are thanked for their assistance and support.

Supplementary material

27_2019_659_MOESM1_ESM.docx (15 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 14 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. J. Hill
    • 1
    Email author
  • K. L. Mathers
    • 2
  • S. Little
    • 3
  • T. Worrall
    • 4
  • J. Gunn
    • 5
  • P. J. Wood
    • 6
  1. 1.School of Applied SciencesUniversity of HuddersfieldHuddersfieldUK
  2. 2.Department of Surface Waters Research and ManagementEawag (Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology)KastanienbaumSwitzerland
  3. 3.School of Animal Rural and Environmental SciencesNottingham Trent UniversitySouthwellUK
  4. 4.APEM LimitedCambridgeUK
  5. 5.School of Geography, Earth and Environmental SciencesUniversity of BirminghamBirminghamUK
  6. 6.Geography and Environment, Loughborough UniversityLoughboroughUK

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