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Aquatic Sciences

, 81:51 | Cite as

Microbial planktonic communities in lakes from a Patagonian basaltic plateau: influence of the water level decrease

  • Sol PorcelEmail author
  • Juan F. Saad
  • Carmen A. Sabio y García
  • Irina Izaguirre
Research Article

Abstract

In this study we analyzed the structure of the microbial planktonic communities in 16 lakes located in one of the Patagonian plateaus. In these environments picoplankton constitute a key component of the food webs. We compared lakes with different regimes (clear vegetated and turbid), in periods with contrasting hydrological conditions. Samplings were conducted during late summer in 2015 (higher water levels), 2016 and 2017 (lower water levels). In each lake we measured limnological variables and quantified picoplankton by flow cytometry. Differences in picoplankton structure among lakes were associated with their regime and hydrological conditions. We found higher abundances of heterotrophic bacterioplankton (HB) in more turbid and eutrophic lakes; these lakes also showed higher abundances of both bacterial fractions analyzed (high and low nucleic-acid content). Clear vegetated oligotrophic lakes showed the lowest photosynthetic picoplankton abundances and higher densities of PE-rich picocyanobacteria (Pcy). All lakes presented PE-rich cells and picoeukaryotes (Peuk), the latter being the most frequent group in all the environments and the most abundant in turbid ones. PC-rich Pcy appeared only in clear vegetated, organic turbid and inorganic turbid, showing one or two cytometric populations. Clear vegetated lakes with water level reduction show an increase of HB, PC-rich cells and Peuk abundances. We provided evidences that picoplankton structure is influenced by lake regime, and in some lakes the shift from clear vegetated to turbid states strongly affects the structure of these communities.

Keywords

Photosynthetic picoplankton Bacteria Flow cytometry Shallow lakes Patagonian plateau 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This investigation was financed by the following Grants: FONCYT PICT 2013-0794 of the Argentinean Funds for Scientific and Technical Investigations of Argentina and Proyecto Macá Tobiano. We thank the logistic support and the facilities provided by the National Park “Parque Nacional Patagonia” in the Buenos Aires Plateau. We thank the collaboration of Dr. J. Lancelotti, Dr. I. O´Farrell, Dr. M. C Dieguez, Lic. M. C. Marinone, Virginia Rago and the volunteers of the Proyecto Macá Tobiano during the 2015, 2016 and 2017 field trips in the Buenos Aires Plateau.

Supplementary material

27_2019_647_MOESM1_ESM.tif (683 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 683 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Ecología, Genética y Evolución, Instituto de Ecología, Genética y Evolución de Buenos Aires (IEGEBA-UBA/CONICET), Facultad de Ciencias Exactas y Naturales, Universidad de Buenos AiresBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Escuela Superior de Ciencias Marinas, Universidad Nacional del COMAHUESan Antonio OesteArgentina

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