Advertisement

Present-day Tectonic Stress Field and GPS Observations in Hubei Province, Central China

  • 2 Accesses

Abstract

Here, we show the present-day tectonic stress field and regional GPS velocity and strain rate fields in Hubei Province, central China. Our results are calculated based on the digital observation data from 01 January 2010, to 31 December 2017, by using the seis-CAP, P-wave first motion, and grid search methods and the software GAMIT/GLOBK10.4. The results show that the P axis azimuths of focal mechanism solutions, the principal compressional stress field, and the regional velocity and strain rate fields are conformably compressional in a NW–SE direction. The regional stress shape ratio R values are relatively low, and the faults are dominantly compressive-shear or compresso-shear faults. The average velocity modulus value for the GPS observation stations in western Hubei is 6.1 mm/a, which is higher than that in eastern Hubei (5.4 mm/a). The average velocity modulus value in the Jianghan Basin interior is relatively low (4.4 mm/a), while that in the northwestern Jianghan Basin is higher (7.6 mm/a). The strain rate field is characterized by NW–SE compression accompanied by NE–SW tension. The results suggest that the present-day crustal movement in Hubei Province is mainly controlled by collisions with the Indian Plate in the west and the Philippine Plate in the east and the consequent crustal shortening induced by western Hubei wedging into the Jianghan Basin. Further, the resistance by the thrust-and-fold belt in eastern Hubei contributes to the principal compressional movement in the study area. The T axis azimuth of focal mechanism solutions is consistent with the principal extensional stress field direction. In the central and northern Jianghan Basin, the R values are relatively high, the faults are mainly transtensional, and the crustal deformation is mainly extensional, which may be affected by the denudation, thinning and rapid rebound of the Dabie Orogen, resulting in tectonic extrusion and flow in the Jianghan Basin to both the NE and SW sides.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Access options

Buy single article

Instant unlimited access to the full article PDF.

US$ 39.95

Price includes VAT for USA

Subscribe to journal

Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.

US$ 199

This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7

References

  1. Arnold, R., & Townend, J. (2007). A Bayesian approach to estimating tectonic stress from seismological data. Geophysical Journal International,170(3), 1336–1356. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03485.x.

  2. Balakina, L. M., Savarensky, E. F., & Vvedenskaya, A. V. (1961). On determination of earthquake mechanism. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. https://doi.org/10.1016/0079-1946(61)90006-4.

  3. Chen, T., Zhang, R., & Huang, S. Y. (2018). Study on deformation field and tectonic stress field in the Chongqing area of the three gorges. Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics,38(2), 129–131. https://doi.org/10.14075/j.jgg.2018.02.004.

  4. Deng, Q. D., Zhang, Y. M., & Xu, G. L. (1979). On the tectonic stress field in china and its relation to plate movement. Seismology and Geology,1(1), 11–22. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  5. Dong, Y. J., Wang, Q. L., Shen, X. L., et al. (2018). Application of sPL phase in focal depth determination of the Badong M4.3 Earthquake Sequence. Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics,38(3), 221–224. https://doi.org/10.14075/j.jgg.2018.03.001. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  6. Ellsworth, W. L., & Xu, Z. H. (1980). Determination of the stress tensor from focal mechanism data. EOS, Transactions American Geophysical Union,61(46), 1117.

  7. Fan, T. Y., Long, C. X., Yang, Z. Y., et al. (2012). Comprehensive modeling on the present crustal stress of China mainland with the viscoelastic spherical shell. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,55(4), 1249–1260. https://doi.org/10.6038/j.issn.0001-5733.2012.04.020. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  8. Fojtíková, L., & Vavryčuk, V. (2019). Tectonic stress regime in the 2003–2004 and 2012–2015 earthquake swarms in the Ubaye Valley, French Alps. Pure Applied Geophysics,176(1), 525. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-018-2068-6.

  9. Gephart, J. W. (1990). FMSI: A fortran program for inverting fault/slickenside and earthquake focal mechanism data to obtain the regional stress tensor. Computer & Geosciences,16(7), 953–989.

  10. Gephart, J. W., & Forsyth, D. W. (1984). An improved method for determining the regional stress tensor using focal mechanism data: Application to the San Fernando earthquake sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research,89(B11), 9305–9320. https://doi.org/10.1029/JB089iB11p09305.

  11. Grimmer, J. C., Jonckheere, R., & Enkelmann, E. (2002). Cretaceous-Cenozoic history of the southern Tan-lu fault zone: Apatite fission-track and structural constrains from the Dabie Shan (Eastern China). Tectonophysics,359(3/4), 225–253. https://doi.org/10.1016/s0040-1951(02)00513-9.

  12. Guiraud, M., Laborde, O., & Philip, H. (1989). Characterization of various types of deformation and their corresponding deviatoric stress tensors using microfault analysis. Tectonophysics,170(3/4), 289–316. https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-1951(89)90277-1.

  13. Hardebeck, J. L., & Michael, A. J. (2006). Damped regional-scale stress inversions: Methodology and examples for southern California and the Coalinga after shock sequence. Journal of Geophysical Research,111(B11), B11310. https://doi.org/10.1029/2005jb004144.

  14. Hardebeck, J. L., & Shearer, P. M. (2002). A new method for determining first-motion focal mechanisms. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America,92(6), 2264–2276. https://doi.org/10.1785/0120010200.

  15. Hardebeck, J. L., & Shearer, P. M. (2003). Using S/P amplitude ratios to constrain the focal mechanisms of small earthquake. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America,93(6), 2434–2444. https://doi.org/10.1785/0120020236.

  16. Huang, R., Zhu, L. P., & Encarnacion, J. (2018). Seismic and geologic evidence of water-induced earthquakes in the three gorges reservoir region of China. Geophysical Research Letters, 45(12), 5929–5936. https://doi.org/10.1029/2018gl077639.

  17. Li, R. C. (1984). Mechanism and stress field in the area of Hubei, Henan (South) and Anhui (South). Journal of Seismological Research,7(5), 533–538. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  18. Li, Z. W. (1985). Preliminary discussions of relationship between the tectonic stress field and focal mechanism solution of the Sanmen Gorge and its ambient areas. Journal of Seismological Research,8(2), 213–222. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  19. Li, J., Liu, G., Qiao, X., et al. (2018a). Rupture characteristics of the 25 November 2016 Aketao earthquake (Mw 6.6) in eastern Pamir Revealed by GPS and teleseismic data. Pure Applied Geophysics,175(2), 573–585. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-018-1798-9.

  20. Li, D. W., Xia, Y. P., & Xu, L. G. (2009). Coupling and formation mechanism of continental intraplate basin and orogen—examples from the Qinghai-Tibet plateau and adjacent basins. Earth Science Frontiers,16(3), 110–118. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  21. Li, X. G., & Yao, Y. S. (2004). The study on the current stress field in the area between Hubei and Henan. Hubei Geology & Mineral Resources,18(2), 4–8. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1671-1211.2004.02.002. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  22. Li, Z., Yue, J., Li, W., et al. (2018b). Comprehensive analysis of the effects of Common mode error on the position time series of a regional GPS network. Pure Applied Geophysics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-018-2074-8.

  23. Liu, S. M., & Xu, L. H. (2004). Numerical stimulation of tectonic stress field at Danjiangkou reservoir area. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering,23(23), 4017–4021. https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:1000-6915.2004.23.018. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  24. Michael, A. J. (1984). Determination of stress from slip data: faults and folds. Journal of Geophysical Research,89(B13), 11517–11527. https://doi.org/10.1029/jb089ib13p11517.

  25. Michael, A. J. (1987). Use of focal mechanisms to determine stress: A control study. Journal of Geophysical Research,92(B1), 357–368. https://doi.org/10.1029/JB092iB01p00357.

  26. Pan, Z. Y., He, J. K., & Li, J. (2018). Contemporary crustal deformation within the pamir plateau constrained by geodetic observations and focal mechanism solutions. Pure Applied Geophysics,175(2018), 3463–3484. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-018-1872-3.

  27. Qiao, X., Yu, P., Nie, Z., et al. (2017). The crustal deformation revealed by GPS and InSAR in the northwest corner of the Tarim Basin, northwestern China. Pure Applied Geophysics,174(3), 1405–1423. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-017-1473-6.

  28. Shen, Z. K., Jackson, D. D., & Ge, B. X. (1996). Crustal deformation across and beyond the Los Angeles basin from geodetic measurements. Journal of Geophysical Research,101(B12), 27957–27980. https://doi.org/10.1029/96JB02544.

  29. Sheng, S. Z., & Wan, Y. G. (2011). A study on stress magnitude in the source region of American 1992 Landers earthquake. Acta Geologica Sinoica,33(4), 420–430.

  30. Sheng, S. Z., Wan, Y. G., Huang, J. C., et al. (2015). Present tectonic stress field in the Circum-Ordos region deduced from composite focal mechanism method. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,58(2), 436–452. https://doi.org/10.6038/cjg20150208. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  31. Tan, Y., & Helmberger, D. (2007). A new method for determining small earthquake source parameters using short-period P waves. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America,97(4), 1176–1195. https://doi.org/10.1785/0120060251.

  32. Tang, L. R., Lü, J., Zeng, X. F., et al. (2018). Characteristics of focal mechanisms and stress field in the border region of Jiujiang and Ruichang. Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics,38(8), 791–795. https://doi.org/10.14075/j.jgg.2018.08.005. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  33. Terakawa, T., & Matsu’ura, M. (2008). CMT data inversion using a bayesian information criterion to estimate seismogenic stress fields. Geophysical Journal International,172(2), 674–685. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246X.2007.03656.x.

  34. Wan, Y. G. (2010). Contemporary tectonic stress field in China. Earthquake Science,23(4), 377–386. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11589-010-0735-5.

  35. Wan, Y. G., Sheng, S. Z., Huang, J. C., et al. (2016). The grid search algorithm of tectonic stress tensor based on focal mechanism data and its application in the boundary zone of China, Vietnam and Laos. Journal of Earth Science,27(5), 777–785. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12583-015-0649-1.

  36. Wan, Y. G., Xu, X. F., & Wang, H. L. (2012). Estimation of stress value in 2003 Dayao seismic source region. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 31(1): 2859–2866. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-6915.2012.z1.034.

  37. Wang, X. S., Lü, J., Xie, Z. J., et al. (2015). Focal mechanisms and tectonic stress field in the north-south seismic belt of China. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,58(11), 4149–4162. https://doi.org/10.6038/cjg20151122. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  38. Wang, D. L., Mei, L. F., Liu, Y. S., et al. (2018a). Mesozoic-Cenozoic episodic subsidence and migration of Jianghan basin in extensional composite basin-mountain system. Journal of Earth Science,43(11), 4180–4192. https://doi.org/10.3799/dqkx.2018.211. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  39. Wang, Q. Q., Wan, T. F., Yuan, Y. S., et al. (2016). The preliminary quantitative study of paleo tectonic stress field of Yanshanian period in western Hubei province. Earth Science Frontiers,23(2), 269–279. https://doi.org/10.13745/j.esf.2016.02.025. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  40. Wang, J., Wang, Q. L., Huang, S., et al. (2018b). Decollement structures and seismic activity of Badong area in Hubei province. Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics,38(3), 225–231. https://doi.org/10.14075/j.jgg.2018.03.002. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  41. Wang, Y. S., Wang, H. F., Sheng, Y., et al. (2014). Early cretaceous uplift history of the Dabie Orogenic Belt: Evidence from plutom emplacement depths. Journal of Earth Science,57(5), 1129–1140. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11430-013-4659-5.

  42. Wang, Q., Zhang, P. Z., Ma, Z. J., et al. (2002). GPS database and velocity field of contemporary tectonic deformation in continental China. Earth Science Frontiers,9(2), 415–429. https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:1005-2321.2002.02.021. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  43. Wang, Q., Zhang, P. Z., Niu, Z., et al. (2001). Crustal movement and tectonic deformation of continental China. Science in China (Series D),31(7), 529–536. https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:1006-9267.2001.07.001. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  44. Wang, D. Z., Zhao, B., Yu, J. S., et al. (2017). Present-day crustal tectonic deformation characteristics of China inferred from large-scale GPS. China Earthquake Engineering Journal,9(3), 0521–0526. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1000-0844.2017.03.0521. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  45. Wollin, C., Bohnhoff, M., Vavryčuk, V., et al. (2019). Stress inversion of regional seismicity in the Sea of Marmara Region, Turkey. Pure Applied Geophysics,176(3), 1269–1291. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-018-2035-2.

  46. Wu, Y., Jiang, Z., Liu, X., et al. (2017). A comprehensive study of gridding methods for GPS horizontal velocity fields. Pure Applied Geophysics,174(3), 1201–1217. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00024-016-1456-z.

  47. Wyss, M., Gillard, D., & Liang, B. (1992). An estimate of the absolute stress tensor in Kaoiki, Hawaii. Journal of Geophysical Research,97(B4), 4763–4768. https://doi.org/10.1029/91JB01455.

  48. Xie, F. R., Cui, X. F., Zhao, J. T., et al. (2004). Regional division of the recent tectonic stress field in China and adjacent areas. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,474(4), 654–662. https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:0001-5733.2004.04.016. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  49. Xie, F. R., & Liu, G. X. (1992). New tectonic stress field in the central segment of the Altun fault zone, China. Earthquake Research,6(1), 99–112.

  50. Xie, F. R., Zhang, H. Y., & Cui, X. F. (2011). The modern tectonic stress field and strong earthquakes in China. Recent Developments in World Seismology. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.0235-4975.2011.01.003. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  51. Xu, Z. M. (1984). Stress field in the Fuyun, Xinjiang earthquake fracture zone determined by fitting fault slip vector data. Acta Seismologica Sinica,04, 395–404. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  52. Xu, J. R., Zhao, Z. X., & Ishikawa, Y. (2008). Regional characteristic of crustal stress field and tectonic motions in around Chinese mainland. Chinese Journal of Geophysics,51(3), 770–781. https://doi.org/10.3321/j.issn:0001-5733.2008.03.018. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  53. Yang, S. X., Gao, S. J., Cai, Y. J., et al. (2005). Study on stress field zoning in Three Gorges and its adjacent area since neotectonic age. Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics,25(4), 42–45. https://doi.org/10.3969/j.issn.1671-5942.2005.04.009. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  54. Zhang, Y. Q. (1999). Kinematic history and changes in tetonic stress regime during the Cenozoic along the Qinling and southern Tanlu Fault Zones. Acta Geologica Sinoica,73(3), 264–274. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1755-6724.1999.tb00835.x.

  55. Zhang, L. F., Yao, Y. S., Shen, X. L., et al. (2014). Study on type and focal mechanism of the earthquakes in Three Gorges Reservoir. Journal of Geodesy and Geodynamics,34(4), 77–82. https://doi.org/10.14075/j.jgg.2014.04.028. (in Chinese with English Abstract).

  56. Zhao, L. S., & Helmgerger, D. V. (1994). Source estimation from broadband regional seismograms. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America,84(1), 91–104. https://doi.org/10.1029/93JB02965.

  57. Zhu, L. P., & Helmgerger, D. V. (1996). Advancement in source estimation techniques using broadband regional seismograms. Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America,86(5), 1634–1641. https://doi.org/10.1029/96JB02296.

  58. Zoback, M. L. (1992). First- and second-order patterns of stress in the lithosphere: The world stress map project. Journal of Geophysical Research,97(B8), 11703–11728. https://doi.org/10.1029/92JB00132.

Download references

Acknowledgements

This study is supported by Scientific Research Fund of Institute of Seismology and Institute of Crustal Dynamics, China Earthquake Administration (Grant No. IS201726166), the Combination Project with Monitoring, Prediction and Scientific Research of Earthquake Technology, CEA, No. 3JH-201901018, Young Talents Training Project for the Seismic Net-work of CEA (No. 20170613).

Author information

Correspondence to Yanjun Dong.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Dong, Y., Liao, F., Wang, D. et al. Present-day Tectonic Stress Field and GPS Observations in Hubei Province, Central China. Pure Appl. Geophys. (2020) doi:10.1007/s00024-019-02406-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Focal mechanism solution
  • tectonic stress field
  • GPS velocity field
  • strain rate field
  • Hubei province