Pure and Applied Geophysics

, Volume 176, Issue 4, pp 1359–1377 | Cite as

A Study of Ground Motion Excitation Based on the Earthquake of September 8, 2017: Evidence that Normal Faults Influence the Stress Parameter

  • Roberto OrtegaEmail author
  • Dana Carciumaru
  • Luis Quintanar
  • Eduardo Huesca-Pérez
  • Edahí Gutiérrez-Reyes
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. The September 2017 Chiapas and Central Mexico earthquakes and tsunamis


We performed a study of ground motion modeling based on multiple linear regression and random vibration theory using the earthquake sequence of September 8, 2017 (Mw = 8.2). Our results show that there is high attenuation in the region of Oaxaca–Chiapas and central Mexico; however, the peak amplitude excitations of normal fault earthquakes are higher than those of thrust fault earthquakes. The earthquake sequence involved a large number of events, but not all the seismic events were aftershocks because many earthquakes had different rupture styles. The thrust events follow a simple scaling relation with a constant stress parameter, but the normal fault events are difficult to represent with a constant self-similar model. Our best result consists of a \(Q_{0} = 240 \pm 032\) with a frequency-dependent factor of \(0.63 \pm 0.05\). The excitation term is well determined with a stress parameter of 80 bars for the thrust faults, but for the normal faults, the stress parameter is at least 180 bars with a non-self-similar model. Our results show that it is necessary to include new ground motion prediction equations in seismic hazard analysis for “meganormal” faults, which have not previously been considered in subduction zones.


Stress parameter ground motion earthquake on September 8, 2017 (Mw = 8.2) normal faults 



Two anonymous reviewers are thanked for reading the manuscript and providing substantial advice. This work was supported by the Projects CONACYT CB 133910, CICESE ULP 691115. 691114; “Catedras Jovenes Conacyt” Grant Numbers 097 and 2284; and “Secretaría de Ciencia Tecnología e Innovación de la Ciudad de México” Project Number CM-SECITI/045/2017. In addition, the authors acknowledge Sergio Mayer and Víctor Hugo Espíndola for assistance with the earthquake relocation.


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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de EnsenadaLa PazMexico
  2. 2.Instituto de GeofísicaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de MéxicoMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.CONACYT - Centro de Investigación Científica y de Educación Superior de EnsenadaLa PazMexico

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