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Seismic Noise-Based Strategies for Emphasizing Recent Tectonic Activity and Local Site Effects: The Ferrara Arc, Northern Italy, Case Study

  • A. Mantovani
  • N. Abu Zeid
  • S. BignardiEmail author
  • G. Tarabusi
  • G. Santarato
  • R. Caputo
Article

Abstract

During the seismic crisis of May–June 2012, that strongly affected the central sector of the Ferrara Arc, relevant coseismic effects were observed, such as ground deformations and amplification phenomena due to low quality mechanical characteristics of the shallow subsurface (i.e. few hundreds of meters). This portion of the subsurface is not investigated by neither hydrocarbon explorations (too deep) nor geotechnical surveys (too shallow). Furthermore, direct analysis is not cost effective to carry out over such a wide area. To overcome these limitations, we exploited seismic noise-based strategies, which are not invasive and do not require expensive equipment. We carried out several single-station and array measurements (i.e. ESAC, Re-Mi, and HVSR), across some of the major tectonic structures of the eastern Po Plain, belonging to the most advanced buried sector of the Northern Apennines. Such investigations were performed along two profiles, about 27 km-long and oriented SSW–NNE, i.e. almost perpendicular to the regional trend of the Ferrara Arc structures. Our results clearly document lateral shear wave velocity variations and the occurrence of resonance phenomena between 0.52 and 0.85 Hz. Additionally, based on inversion procedures, we were able to infer the depth of the resonant interface(s) and we associated such interface(s) to the major known stratigraphic discontinuities, thus emphasizing the recent tectonic activity of the blind thrusts affecting this sector of the Ferrara Arc.

Keywords

Seismotectonics microtremor ESAC HVSR OpenHVSR 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The study has benefited from funding provided by the Italian Presidenza del Consiglio dei Ministri—Dipartimento di Protezione Civile (DPC). The findings and conclusions in this article are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent DPC official opinion and policies. Additionally, part of the data collection benefited from funding by the Ferrara Province administration and the city of Bondeno administration. We thank the Editor and two anonymous reviewers that contributed to improve a former version of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and Earth SciencesFerrara UniversityFerraraItaly
  2. 2.Centro Interuniversitario per la ricerca Sismotettonica, CRUST-UniFEFerraraItaly
  3. 3.School of Electrical and Computer EngineeringGeorgia Institute of TechnologyGeorgiaUSA
  4. 4.Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e VulcanologiaRomeItaly
  5. 5.Research and Teaching Center for Earthquake GeologyTyrnavosGreece

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