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Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences

, Volume 76, Issue 19, pp 3695–3709 | Cite as

Therapeutic perspectives for structural and functional abnormalities of cilia

  • Yong Joon Kim
  • Joon KimEmail author
Review

Abstract

Ciliopathies are a group of hereditary disorders that result from structural or functional abnormalities of cilia. Recent intense research efforts have uncovered the genetic bases of ciliopathies, and our understanding of the assembly and functions of cilia has been improved significantly. Although mechanism-specific therapies for ciliopathies have not yet received regulatory approval, the use of innovative therapeutic modalities such as oligonucleotide therapy, gene replacement therapy, and gene editing in addition to symptomatic treatments are expected to provide valid treatment options in the near future. Moreover, candidate chemical compounds for developing small molecule drugs to treat ciliopathies have been identified. This review introduces the key features of cilia and ciliopathies, and summarizes the advances as well as the challenges that remain with the development of therapies for treating ciliopathies.

Keywords

Primary cilia Ciliopathy Genetic disorder Drug development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by the Korean Health Industry Development Institute Grants (HI18C0013) funded by the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare.

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Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Medical Science and EngineeringKorea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST)DaejeonRepublic of Korea

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