Swiss Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 111, Issue 3, pp 549–560 | Cite as

Late glacial and Holocene Ostracoda from the Melilla cold-water coral mound field

  • Claudius M. PirkenseerEmail author
  • Silvia Spezzaferri
  • Claudio Stalder


The ostracod assemblages from sediment core TTR17-401G recovered from the Melilla cold-water coral mound field in the eastern Alboran Sea spanning the last 13 ka are analysed quantitatively, taxonomically and palaeoecologically. The core can be subdivided in three distinct assemblages linked to environmental shifts during the Younger Dryas and the Bølling–Allerød interstadial. A total of 9 ostracod species is recorded, Paracypris polita is dominant throughout the core. Common accessory taxa Cytherella robusta, Echinocythereis vidua and Macromckenziea ligustica characterize the well-oxygenated ostracod assemblage 2 affected by the Younger Dryas. Favourable growth conditions for ostracods during the latter are indicated by large-sized Krithe praetexta specimens.


Palaeoecology Assemblage development Hypoxia Paracypris polita Krithe praetexta Systematic palaeontology 



We thank the captain and crew of research vessel “Professor Logatchev” for their valuable help onboard. Two anonymous reviewers are acknowledged for their detailed comments and valuable suggestions.

Supplementary material

15_2018_305_MOESM1_ESM.tif (62 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (TIFF 63532 kb)
15_2018_305_MOESM2_ESM.tif (10.4 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (TIFF 10637 kb)
15_2018_305_MOESM3_ESM.tif (10.3 mb)
Supplementary material 3 (TIFF 10565 kb)
15_2018_305_MOESM4_ESM.tif (28 mb)
Supplementary material 4 (TIFF 28697 kb)
15_2018_305_MOESM5_ESM.tif (56.8 mb)
Supplementary material 5 (TIFF 58128 kb)
15_2018_305_MOESM6_ESM.pdf (2.9 mb)
Supplementary material 6 (DOCX 2959 kb)


  1. Aiello, G., Barra, D., & Parisi, R. (2015). Lower-Middle Pleistocene ostracod assemblages from the Montalbano Jonico section (Basilicata, Southern Italy). Quaternary International, 383, 47–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Angue Minto’o, C. M., Bassetti, M. A., Morigi, C., Ducassou, E., Toucanne, S., Jouet, G., et al. (2015). Levantine intermediate water hydrodynamic and bottom water ventilation in the northern Tyrrhenian Sea over the past 56,000 years: New insights from benthic foraminifera and ostracods. Quaternary International, 357, 295–313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bassetti, M. A., Carbonel, P., Sierro, F. J., Perez-Folgado, M., Jouët, G., & Berné, S. (2010). Response of ostracods to abrupt climate changes in the Western Mediterranean (Gulf of Lions) during the last 30 kyr. Marine Micropaleontology, 77, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bonaduce, G., Ciampo, G., & Masoli, M. (1975). Distribution of Ostracoda in the Adriatic Sea. Pubblicazioni della Stazione zoologica di Napoli, 40(suppl.), 1–304.Google Scholar
  5. Breman, E. (1975). Ostracodes in a bottom core from the deep southeastern basin of the Adriatic Sea. Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, series B, 78(3), 197–218.Google Scholar
  6. Ciampo, G. (2003). Reconstruction of Late Pleistocene-Holocene palaeobathymetries from Ostracoda on the Tyrrhenian continental shelf. Géobios, 36, 1–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Coles, G. P., Ainsworth, N. R., Whatley, R. C., & Jones, R. W. (1996). Foraminifera and ostracoda from Quaternary carbonate mounds associated with gas seepage in the Porcupine Basin, offshore western Ireland. Revista Española de Micropaleontología, 28(2), 113–151.Google Scholar
  8. Coles, G. P., Whatley, R. C., & Moguilevsky, A. (1994). The ostracod genus Krithe from the Tertiary and Quaternary of the north Atlantic. Palaeontology, 37(1), 71–120.Google Scholar
  9. Comas, M. C., Platt, J. P., Soto, J. I., & Watts, A. B. (1999). The origin and tectonic history of the Alboran Basin; insights from LEG 161 results. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program. Scientific Results, 161, 555–580.Google Scholar
  10. Dingle, R. V. (1995). Continental shelf upwelling and benthic Ostracoda in the Benguela System (southeastern Atlantic Ocean). Marine Geology, 122, 207–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. El Hmaidi, A., El Moumni, B., Nachite, D., Bekkali, R., & Gensous, B. (2010). Distribution et caractéristiques des associations d’ostracodes au Pléistocène supérieur et Holocène au niveau de la marge orientale du détroit de Gibraltar (mer d’Alboran, Maroc). Revue de Micropaléontologie, 53, 17–28.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Faranda, C., & Gliozzi, E. (2008). The ostracod fauna of the Plio-Pleistocene Monte Mario succession (Roma, Italy). Bolletino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 47(3), 215–267.Google Scholar
  13. Fink, H. G., Wienberg, C., De Pol-Holz, R., Wintersteller, P., & Hebbeln, D. (2013). Cold-water coral growth in the Alboran Sea related to high productivity during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene. Marine Geology, 339, 71–82.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Frezza, V., & Di Bella, L. (2015). Distribution of recent ostracods near the Ombrone River mouth (Northern Tyrrhenian Sea, Italy). Micropaleontology, 61(1–2), 101–114.Google Scholar
  15. Hartmann, G., & Puri, H. S. (1974). Summary of neontological and paleontological classification of Ostracoda. Mitteilungen des Hamburgischen Zoologischen Museum und Institut, 70, 7–73.Google Scholar
  16. Hastrup, A., & Thomsen, E. (2005a). Paleoenvironmental interpretation of the Plio-Pleistocene Kallithea Bay section, Rhodes, Greece. Cushman Foundation Special Publication, 39, 159–191.Google Scholar
  17. Hastrup, A., & Thomsen, E. (2005b). Systematic paleontology and ecology of ostracods from the Plio-Pleistocene Kallithea Bay section, Rhodes, Greece. Cushman Foundation Special Publication, 39, 193–279.Google Scholar
  18. Horne, D. J. (2003). Key events in the radiation of the Ostracoda. In L. E. Park, & A. J. Smith (Eds.), Bridging the gap: trends in the ostracode biological and geological sciences. The Palaeontological Society Papers (Vol. 9, pp. 181–201), New Haven, CT: The Paleontological Society.Google Scholar
  19. Hull, S. L. (1999). Comparison of tidepool phytal ostracod abundance and assemblage structure on three spatial scales. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 182, 201–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. IHO (International Hydrographic Organization) (1953). Limits of oceans and seas (3rd ed.). Monte-Carlo: Imprimerie Monégasque, Special publication No 28.Google Scholar
  21. Kilenyi, T. I. (1969). The problems of ostracod ecology in the Thames Estuary. In J. W. Neale (Ed.), The taxonomy, morphology and ecology of recent Ostracoda (pp. 251–267). Edinburgh: Oliver & Boyd.Google Scholar
  22. Kilenyi, T. I. (1971). Some basic questions in the palaeoecology of ostracods. Bulletin du Centre de Recherche de Pau-SNPA, 5(suppl.), 523–543.Google Scholar
  23. Krutak, P. R. (1971). The recent Ostracoda of Laguna Mandinga, Veracruz, Mexico. Micropaleontology, 17(1), 1–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Krutak, P. R. (1972). Some relationship between grain size of substrate and carapace size in modern brackish-water Ostracoda. Micropaleontology, 18(2), 153–159.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Liebau, A. (1975). Comment on suprageneric taxa of the Trachyleberididae s.n. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen, 148(3), 353–379.Google Scholar
  26. Majoran, S., & Agrenius, S. (1995). Preliminary observations on living Krithe praetexta praetexta (Sars, 1866), Sarsicytheridea brudii (Norman, 1865) and other marine ostracods in aquaria. Journal of Micropalaeontology, 14, 96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Margreth, S., Rüggeberg, A., & Spezzaferri, S. (2009). Benthic foraminifera as proxies for cold-water coral reef ecosystems along the Irish Margin. Deep-Sea Research Part I, 56, 2216–2234.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. McKenzie, K. G., Majoran, S., Emami, V., & Reyment, R. A. (1989). The Krithe problem—first test of Peypouquet’s hypothesis, with a redescription of Krithe praetexta praetexta (Crustacea, Ostracoda). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 74, 343–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Meisch, C. (2000). Freshwater Ostracoda of western and central Europe (Süßwasserfauna von Mitteleuropa Band 8 Crustacea, Heft 3 Ostracoda). Heidelberg, Berlin: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag.Google Scholar
  30. Millot, C. (1987). Circulation in the western Mediterranean Sea. Oceanologica Acta, 10(2), 143–149.Google Scholar
  31. Montenegro, M. E., Pugliese, N., & Bonaduce, G. (1996). Shelf ostracods distribution in the Italian seas. In S. Crasquin-Soleau, E. Braccini, & F. Lethiers (Eds.), What about Ostracoda? Bulletin des Centre de Recherches Elf Exploration Production, Mémoirs (Vol. 20, pp. 91–101), 3rd European Ostracodologists Meeting, Paris - Bierville, France, 8–12 July 1996, Pau CEDEX.Google Scholar
  32. Müller, G. W. (1894). Fauna und Flora des Golfes von Neapel und der angrenzenden Meeres-Abschnitte, 21. Monographie: Ostracoden. Berlin: Friedländer and Sohn.Google Scholar
  33. Prieur, L., & Sournia, A. (1994). “Almofront-1” (April–May 1991): An interdisciplinary study of the Almeria-Oran geostrophic front, SW Mediterranean Sea. Journal of Marine Systems, 5, 187–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Renault, L., Oguz, T., Pascual, A., Vizoso, G., & Tintore, J. (2012). Surface circulation in the Alborán Sea (western Mediterranean) inferred from remotely sensed data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, C08009.Google Scholar
  35. Rodriguez-Lazaro, J., & Ruiz-Munoz, F. (2012). A general introduction to Ostracods: Morphology, distribution, fossil record and applications. Developments in Quaternary Science, 17, 1–14.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Ruggieri, G. (1984). Gli ostracodi del Pleistocene inferior di Rizzolo studiati da Seguenza. Naturalista Siciliano, 8(3–4), 121–131. (series 4).Google Scholar
  37. Sciuto, F. (2014). Initial report on ostracod fauna from the Messina Straits (Ionian Sea, northeastern Sicily). Bolletino della Società Paleontologica Italiana, 53(2), 121–134.Google Scholar
  38. Sciuto, F., & Rosso, R. (2015). Bathyal ostracods from the Santa Maria di Leuca deep-water coral province (northern Ionian Sea). Palaeontologia Electronica, 18.2.22A, 1–17.Google Scholar
  39. Smith, A. J., & Horne, D. J. (2002). Ecology of marine, marginal marine and non-marine ostracodes. In J. A. Holmes & A. R. Chivas (Eds.), The Ostracoda: Applications in Quaternary research. AGU Geophysical Monograph (Vol. 131, pp. 37–64). American Geophysical Union.Google Scholar
  40. Stalder, C., Spezzaferri, S., Rüggeberg, A., Pirkenseer, C., & Gennari, G. (2014). Late Weichselian deglaciation and early Holocene development of a cold-water coral reef along the Lopphavet shelf (Northern Norway) recorded by benthic foraminifera and ostracoda. Deep-Sea Research II, 99, 249–269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Stalder, C., Vertino, A., Rosso, A., Rüggeberg, A., Pirkenseer, C., Spangenberg, J. E., et al. (2015). Microfossils, a key to unravel cold-water carbonate mound evolution through time: Evidence from the eastern Alboran Sea. PLoS One, 10(10), e0140223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Vargas-Yáñez, M., Plaza, F., García-Lafuente, J., Sarhan, T., Vargas, J. M., & Vélez-Belchi, P. (2002). About the seasonal variability of the Alboran Sea circulation. Journal of Marine Systems, 35, 229–248.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Viúdez, A., Pinot, J.-M., & Haney, R. L. (1998). On the upper layer circulation in the Alboran Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103(C10), 21653–21666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Whatley, R. C., & Wall, D. R. (1975). The relationship between Ostracoda and algae in littoral and sublittoral marine environments. Bulletins of American Paleontology, 65(282), 172–202.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Swiss Geological Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudius M. Pirkenseer
    • 1
    Email author
  • Silvia Spezzaferri
    • 1
  • Claudio Stalder
    • 2
  1. 1.Section Geology and PalaeontologyUniversity of FribourgFribourgSwitzerland
  2. 2.Federal Office of Public Health FOPHBernSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations