MiR-802 alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury by targeting Peli2
- 28 Downloads
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a life-threatening medical condition. It is characterized by serious lung inflammation or injury. Characterizing novel miRNAs implicated in ARDS pathogenesis may provide new therapeutic strategy for managing ARDS.
We employed LPS-induced lung injury model to profile miRNAs associated with ARDS. We isolated one miRNA candidate and characterized its role in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced proinflammatory cytokine production in lung macrophages. We further evaluated its functional role in ARDS model by assessing histological change, neutrophil activation, tissue permeability and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) production. We also characterized its downstream target using luciferase assay, Western blotting, enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and cell inflammation assay.
Microarray profiling revealed miR-802 was significantly downregulated in ARDS mouse model. LPS-induced miR-802 downregulation was confirmed in lung macrophages. Overexpression of miR-802 significantly suppressed LPS-induced inflammatory cytokine production in vitro and alleviates LPS-induced acute lung injury in vivo. Peli2 was identified as a downstream target of miR-802 and found upregulated in ARDS model. Overexpressing Peli2 abolished the antagonizing effect of miR-802 on LPS-mediated inflammatory response.
MiR-802 carried a protective role against LPS-induced acute lung injury by downregulating Peli2. MiR-802/Peli2 axis may act as intervening targets to manage ARDS.
KeywordsAcute respiratory distress syndrome miR802 Sepsis Peli2 Lung injury
The study was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (81100053).
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
The animal study was carried out according to the ethical guidelines approved by Animal Care and Use Committee in the First Affiliated Hospital of Anhui medical University.
- 1.Force ADT, Ranieri VM, Rubenfeld GD, Thompson BT, Ferguson ND, Caldwell E, et al. Acute respiratory distress syndrome: the Berlin definition. JAMA. 2012;307(23):2526–33.Google Scholar