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Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2018:130 | Cite as

New Standard Model constraints on the scales and dimension of spacetime

  • Andrea Addazi
  • Gianluca CalcagniEmail author
  • Antonino Marcianò
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

Using known estimates for the kaon-antikaon transitions, the mean lifetime of the muon and the mean lifetime of the tau, we place new and stronger constraints on the scales of the multi-fractional theories with weighted and q-derivatives. These scenarios reproduce a quantum-gravity regime where fields live on a continuous spacetime with a scale-dependent Hausdorff dimension. In the case with weighted derivatives, constraints from the muon lifetime are various orders of magnitude stronger than those from the tau lifetime and the kaon-antikaon transitions. The characteristic energy scale of the theory cannot be greater than E*> 3 × 102 TeV, and is tightened to E*> 9 × 108 TeV for the typical value α = 1/2 of the fractional exponents in the spacetime measure. We also find an upper bound dH< 2.9 on the spacetime Hausdorff dimension in the ultraviolet. In the case with q-derivatives, the strongest bound comes from the tau lifetime, but it is about 10 orders of magnitude weaker than for the theory with weighted derivatives.

Keywords

Models of Quantum Gravity Kaon Physics 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Field Theory and Particle Physics & Department of PhysicsFudan UniversityShanghaiChina
  2. 2.Instituto de Estructura de la Materia, CSICMadridSpain

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