Advertisement

Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2018:66 | Cite as

Constraining photon portal Dark Matter with TEXONO and COHERENT data

  • Shao-Feng Ge
  • Ian M. Shoemaker
Open Access
Regular Article - Experimental Physics

Abstract

Dark Matter may reside in sector without Standard Model (SM) gauge interactions. One way in which such a dark sector can still impact SM particles through non-gravitational interactions is via the “photon portal” in which a dark photon kinetically mixes with the ordinary SM photon. We study the implications of this setup for electron recoil events at TEXONO reactor and nuclear recoil events at the COHERENT experiment. We find that the recent COHERENT data rules out previously allowed regions of parameter space favored by the thermal relic hypothesis for the DM abundance. When mapped onto the DM-electron cross section, we find that COHERENT provides the leading direct constraints for DM masses < 30 MeV.

Keywords

Dark matter Neutrino Detectors and Telescopes (experiments) 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited.

References

  1. [1]
    B. Holdom, Two U(1)’s and Epsilon Charge Shifts, Phys. Lett. B 166 (1986) 196 [INSPIRE].
  2. [2]
    R. Foot, Mirror matter-type dark matter, Int. J. Mod. Phys. D 13 (2004) 2161 [astro-ph/0407623] [INSPIRE].
  3. [3]
    D. Feldman, B. Körs and P. Nath, Extra-weakly Interacting Dark Matter, Phys. Rev. D 75 (2007) 023503 [hep-ph/0610133] [INSPIRE].
  4. [4]
    N. Arkani-Hamed, D.P. Finkbeiner, T.R. Slatyer and N. Weiner, A Theory of Dark Matter, Phys. Rev. D 79 (2009) 015014 [arXiv:0810.0713] [INSPIRE].
  5. [5]
    M. Pospelov and A. Ritz, Astrophysical Signatures of Secluded Dark Matter, Phys. Lett. B 671 (2009) 391 [arXiv:0810.1502] [INSPIRE].
  6. [6]
    J.D. Bjorken, R. Essig, P. Schuster and N. Toro, New Fixed-Target Experiments to Search for Dark Gauge Forces, Phys. Rev. D 80 (2009) 075018 [arXiv:0906.0580] [INSPIRE].
  7. [7]
    H. Davoudiasl and I.M. Lewis, Dark Matter from Hidden Forces, Phys. Rev. D 89 (2014) 055026 [arXiv:1309.6640] [INSPIRE].
  8. [8]
    M.D. Campos, D. Cogollo, M. Lindner, T. Melo, F.S. Queiroz and W. Rodejohann, Neutrino Masses and Absence of Flavor Changing Interactions in the 2HDM from Gauge Principles, JHEP 08 (2017) 092 [arXiv:1705.05388] [INSPIRE].ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. [9]
    COHERENT collaboration, D. Akimov et al., Observation of Coherent Elastic Neutrino-Nucleus Scattering, Science 357 (2017) 1123 [arXiv:1708.01294] [INSPIRE].
  10. [10]
    P. deNiverville, M. Pospelov and A. Ritz, Light new physics in coherent neutrino-nucleus scattering experiments, Phys. Rev. D 92 (2015) 095005 [arXiv:1505.07805] [INSPIRE].
  11. [11]
    K.S. Babu, C.F. Kolda and J. March-Russell, Implications of generalized Z − Z mixing, Phys. Rev. D 57 (1998) 6788 [hep-ph/9710441] [INSPIRE].
  12. [12]
    D.P. Finkbeiner, S. Galli, T. Lin and T.R. Slatyer, Searching for Dark Matter in the CMB: A Compact Parameterization of Energy Injection from New Physics, Phys. Rev. D 85 (2012) 043522 [arXiv:1109.6322] [INSPIRE].
  13. [13]
    M.L. Graesser, I.M. Shoemaker and L. Vecchi, Asymmetric WIMP dark matter, JHEP 10 (2011) 110 [arXiv:1103.2771] [INSPIRE].ADSCrossRefzbMATHGoogle Scholar
  14. [14]
    T. Lin, H.-B. Yu and K.M. Zurek, On Symmetric and Asymmetric Light Dark Matter, Phys. Rev. D 85 (2012) 063503 [arXiv:1111.0293] [INSPIRE].
  15. [15]
    N.F. Bell, S. Horiuchi and I.M. Shoemaker, Annihilating Asymmetric Dark Matter, Phys. Rev. D 91 (2015) 023505 [arXiv:1408.5142] [INSPIRE].
  16. [16]
    H. Park, Detecting Dark Photons with Reactor Neutrino Experiments, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 (2017) 081801 [arXiv:1705.02470] [INSPIRE].
  17. [17]
    TEXONO collaboration, M. Deniz et al., Measurement of \( {\overline{\nu}}_e \) -Electron Scattering Cross-Section with a CsI(Tl) Scintillating Crystal Array at the Kuo-Sheng Nuclear Power Reactor, Phys. Rev. D 81 (2010) 072001 [arXiv:0911.1597] [INSPIRE].
  18. [18]
    S.-F. Ge, H.-J. He and R.-Q. Xiao, Probing new physics scales from Higgs and electroweak observables at e+ e Higgs factory, JHEP 10 (2016) 007 [arXiv:1603.03385] [INSPIRE].
  19. [19]
    R.L. Burman and E.S. Smith, Parameterization of Pion Production and Reaction Cross Sections at LAMPF Energies, LA-11502-MS, DE89 011120 (1989) [INSPIRE].
  20. [20]
    P. Coloma, P.B. Denton, M.C. Gonzalez-Garcia, M. Maltoni and T. Schwetz, Curtailing the Dark Side in Non-Standard Neutrino Interactions, JHEP 04 (2017) 116 [arXiv:1701.04828] [INSPIRE].ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. [21]
    R. Essig, A. Manalaysay, J. Mardon, P. Sorensen and T. Volansky, First Direct Detection Limits on sub-GeV Dark Matter from XENON10, Phys. Rev. Lett. 109 (2012) 021301 [arXiv:1206.2644] [INSPIRE].
  22. [22]
    BaBar collaboration, B. Aubert et al., Search for Invisible Decays of a Light Scalar in Radiative Transitions ϒ 3S → γA 0, in Proceedings, 34th International Conference on High Energy Physics (ICHEP 2008), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, July 30-August 5, 2008 (2008) [arXiv:0808.0017] [INSPIRE].
  23. [23]
    R. Essig et al., Working Group Report: New Light Weakly Coupled Particles, in Proceedings, 2013 Community Summer Study on the Future of U.S. Particle Physics: Snowmass on the Mississippi (CSS2013), Minneapolis, MN, U.S.A., July 29-August 6, 2013 (2013) [arXiv:1311.0029] [INSPIRE].
  24. [24]
    R. Essig, J. Mardon, M. Papucci, T. Volansky and Y.-M. Zhong, Constraining Light Dark Matter with Low-Energy e + e Colliders, JHEP 11 (2013) 167 [arXiv:1309.5084] [INSPIRE].
  25. [25]
    BaBar collaboration, J.P. Lees et al., Search for Invisible Decays of a Dark Photon Produced in e + e Collisions at BaBar, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 (2017) 131804 [arXiv:1702.03327] [INSPIRE].
  26. [26]
    R. Essig, M. Fernandez-Serra, J. Mardon, A. Soto, T. Volansky and T.-T. Yu, Direct Detection of sub-GeV Dark Matter with Semiconductor Targets, JHEP 05 (2016) 046 [arXiv:1509.01598] [INSPIRE].ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. [27]
    Y. Kahn, G. Krnjaic, J. Thaler and M. Toups, DAEδALUS and dark matter detection, Phys. Rev. D 91 (2015) 055006 [arXiv:1411.1055] [INSPIRE].
  28. [28]
    P. deNiverville, M. Pospelov and A. Ritz, Observing a light dark matter beam with neutrino experiments, Phys. Rev. D 84 (2011) 075020 [arXiv:1107.4580] [INSPIRE].
  29. [29]
    B. Batell, M. Pospelov and A. Ritz, Exploring Portals to a Hidden Sector Through Fixed Targets, Phys. Rev. D 80 (2009) 095024 [arXiv:0906.5614] [INSPIRE].
  30. [30]
    C. Boehm, M.J. Dolan and C. McCabe, A Lower Bound on the Mass of Cold Thermal Dark Matter from Planck, JCAP 08 (2013) 041 [arXiv:1303.6270] [INSPIRE].ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. [31]
    NA64 collaboration, D. Banerjee et al., Search for vector mediator of Dark Matter production in invisible decay mode, Phys. Rev. D 97 (2018) 072002 [arXiv:1710.00971] [INSPIRE].
  32. [32]
    CRESST collaboration, G. Angloher et al., Results on light dark matter particles with a low-threshold CRESST-II detector, Eur. Phys. J. C 76 (2016) 25 [arXiv:1509.01515] [INSPIRE].
  33. [33]
    C. Kouvaris and J. Pradler, Probing sub-GeV Dark Matter with conventional detectors, Phys. Rev. Lett. 118 (2017) 031803 [arXiv:1607.01789] [INSPIRE].
  34. [34]
    C. McCabe, New constraints and discovery potential of sub-GeV dark matter with xenon detectors, Phys. Rev. D 96 (2017) 043010 [arXiv:1702.04730] [INSPIRE].
  35. [35]
    S.W. Randall, M. Markevitch, D. Clowe, A.H. Gonzalez and M. Bradac, Constraints on the Self-Interaction Cross-Section of Dark Matter from Numerical Simulations of the Merging Galaxy Cluster 1E 0657-56, Astrophys. J. 679 (2008) 1173 [arXiv:0704.0261] [INSPIRE].
  36. [36]
    Y. Hochberg, Y. Zhao and K.M. Zurek, Superconducting Detectors for Superlight Dark Matter, Phys. Rev. Lett. 116 (2016) 011301 [arXiv:1504.07237] [INSPIRE].
  37. [37]
    Y. Hochberg, M. Pyle, Y. Zhao and K.M. Zurek, Detecting Superlight Dark Matter with Fermi-Degenerate Materials, JHEP 08 (2016) 057 [arXiv:1512.04533] [INSPIRE].ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. [38]
    Y. Hochberg, Y. Kahn, M. Lisanti, C.G. Tully and K.M. Zurek, Directional detection of dark matter with two-dimensional targets, Phys. Lett. B 772 (2017) 239 [arXiv:1606.08849] [INSPIRE].
  39. [39]
    S. Derenzo, R. Essig, A. Massari, A. Soto and T.-T. Yu, Direct Detection of sub-GeV Dark Matter with Scintillating Targets, Phys. Rev. D 96 (2017) 016026 [arXiv:1607.01009] [INSPIRE].
  40. [40]
    R. Essig, T. Volansky and T.-T. Yu, New Constraints and Prospects for sub-GeV Dark Matter Scattering off Electrons in Xenon, Phys. Rev. D 96 (2017) 043017 [arXiv:1703.00910] [INSPIRE].
  41. [41]
    SENSEI collaboration, J. Tiffenberg et al., Single-electron and single-photon sensitivity with a silicon Skipper CCD, Phys. Rev. Lett. 119 (2017) 131802 [arXiv:1706.00028] [INSPIRE].
  42. [42]
    D.M. Mei et al., Direct Detection of MeV-Scale Dark Matter Utilizing Germanium Internal Amplification for the Charge Created by the Ionization of Impurities, Eur. Phys. J. C 78 (2018) 187 [arXiv:1708.06594] [INSPIRE].
  43. [43]
    MINER collaboration, G. Agnolet et al., Background Studies for the MINER Coherent Neutrino Scattering Reactor Experiment, Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 853 (2017) 53 [arXiv:1609.02066] [INSPIRE].

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIASThe University of TokyoKashiwaJapan
  2. 2.Department of PhysicsUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyU.S.A.
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsUniversity of South DakotaVermillionU.S.A.

Personalised recommendations