Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2019:287 | Cite as

Loop corrected soft photon theorem as a Ward identity

  • Miguel CampigliaEmail author
  • Alok Laddha
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


Recently Sahoo and Sen obtained a series of remarkable results concerning sub­ leading soft photon and graviton theorems in four dimensions. Even though the S-matrix is infrared divergent, they have shown that the subleading soft theorems are well defined and exact statements in QED and perturbative Quantum Gravity. However unlike the well studied Cachazo-Strominger soft theorems in tree-level amplitudes, the new subleading soft expansion is at the order ln w (where w is the soft frequency) and the corresponding soft factors structurally show completely different properties then their tree-level counterparts. Whence it is natural to ask if these theorems are associated to asymptotic symmetries of the S-matrix.

We consider this question in the context of sub-leading soft photon theorem in scalar QED and show that there are indeed an infinity of conservation laws whose Ward identities are equivalent to the loop-corrected soft photon theorem. This shows that in the case of four dimensional QED, the leading and sub-leading soft photon theorems are equivalent to Ward identities of (asymptotic) charges.


Gauge Symmetry Global Symmetries Scattering Amplitudes 


Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituto de Fimca, Facultad de CienciasMontevideoUruguay
  2. 2.Chennai Mathematical Institute, SIPCOT IT ParkSiruseriIndia

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