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Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2019:151 | Cite as

Self-similar solutions and critical behavior in Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory sourced by charged null fluids

  • Pedro Aniceto
  • Jorge V. RochaEmail author
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics
  • 21 Downloads

Abstract

We investigate continuously self-similar solutions of four-dimensional Einstein-Maxwell-dilaton theory supported by charged null fluids. We work under the assumption of spherical symmetry and the dilaton coupling parameter a is allowed to be arbitrary. First, it is proved that the only such vacuum solutions with a time-independent asymptotic value of the dilaton necessarily have vanishing electric field, and thus reduce to Roberts’ solution of the Einstein-dilaton system. Allowing for additional sources, we then obtain Vaidya-like families of self-similar solutions supported by charged null fluids. By continuously matching these solutions to flat spacetime along a null hypersurface one can study gravitational collapse analytically. Capitalizing on this idea, we compute the critical exponent defining the power-law behavior of the mass contained within the apparent horizon near the threshold of black hole formation. For the heterotic dilaton coupling a = 1 the critical exponent takes the value 1/2 typically observed in similar analytic studies, but more generally it is given by γ = a2(1 + a2)1. The analysis is complemented by an assessment of the classical energy conditions. Finally, and on a different note, we report on a novel dyonic black hole spacetime, which is a time-dependent vacuum solution of this theory. In this case, the presence of constant electric and magnetic charges naturally breaks self-similarity.

Keywords

Black Holes Spacetime Singularities Black Holes in String Theory 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Mathematical Analysis, Geometry and Dynamical Systems, Instituto Superior TécnicoUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  2. 2.Departament de Física Quàntica i Astrofísica, Institut de Ciències del Cosmos (ICCUB)Universitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain

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