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Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2019:35 | Cite as

Hilbert series and plethystics: paving the path towards 2HDM- and MLRSM-EFT

  • Anisha
  • Supratim Das Bakshi
  • Joydeep ChakraborttyEmail author
  • Suraj Prakash
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics

Abstract

Effective Field Theory (EFT) technique is one of the most elegant ways to capture the impact of high scale theory, if any, at some low energy by incorporating higher mass dimensional (5) effective operators (\( \mathcal{O} \)i). The low energy EFT is described in terms of only light degrees of freedom (DOF) which can appear on-shell. An essential task while developing the EFT framework is to compute these \( \mathcal{O} \)i’s. Hilbert Series (HS) is a novel and mathematically robust method to construct the complete set of gauge invariant independent, effective operators. The HS requires the knowledge of the transformation properties of the light DOF and the covariant derivatives under the internal gauge symmetries and conformal groups. The Hilbert Series method, by its virtue, automatically takes care of the redundancies in the operator set due to the Equations of Motion (EOMs) of fields and Integration by Parts (IBPs) with impeccable accuracy.

In this paper, we have adopted this methodology to construct the complete set of independent operators up to dimension-6 in the “Warsaw”-like basis for two different Beyond Standard Model scenarios — Two Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM) and Minimal Left-Right Symmetric Model (MLRSM). For both these cases, we have calculated the corrections to the scalar, gauge boson and fermion mass spectra due to the dimension-6 operators. The additional contributions to all the Feynman vertices are computed and their impact on different observables, namely Weak mixing angle, Fermi constant, ρ and oblique (S, T, U) parameters. We have further discussed how the magnetic moments of charged leptons and production and decay of the massive BSM particles, e.g., charged scalar and different rare processes are affected in the presence of effective operators. We have also constructed the effective scalar four-point interactions and commented on the possible reinvestigation of the theoretical constraints, e.g., unitarity and vacuum stability within these frameworks.

Keywords

Effective Field Theories Gauge Symmetry Spontaneous Symmetry Breaking 

Notes

Open Access

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s) and source are credited

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© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Indian Institute of Technology KanpurKanpurIndia

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