Extension of positivity bounds to non-local theories: IR obstructions to Lorentz invariant UV completions

  • Junsei TokudaEmail author
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


We derive positivity bounds on low energy effective field theories which admit gapped, analytic, unitary, Lorentz invariant, and possibly non-local UV completions, by considering 2 to 2 scatterings of Jaffe fields whose Lehmann-Källén spectral density can grow exponentially. Several properties of S-matrix, such as analyticity properties, are assumed in our derivation. Interestingly, we find that some of the positivity bounds obtained in the literature, such as sub-leading order forward-limit bounds, must be satisfied even when UV completions fall into non-localizable theories in Jaffe’s language, unless momentum space Wightman functions grow too rapidly at high energy. Under this restriction on the growth rate, such bounds may provide IR obstructions to analytic, unitary, and Lorentz invariant UV completions.


Effective Field Theories Scattering Amplitudes 


Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PhysicsKyoto UniversityKyotoJapan

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