Journal of High Energy Physics

, 2019:23 | Cite as

Perturbative classical conformal blocks as Steiner trees on the hyperbolic disk

  • Konstantin AlkalaevEmail author
  • Mikhail Pavlov
Open Access
Regular Article - Theoretical Physics


We consider the Steiner tree problem in hyperbolic geometry in the context of the AdS/CFT duality between large-c conformal blocks on the boundary and particle motions in the bulk. The Steiner trees are weighted graphs on the Poincare disk with a number of endpoints and trivalent vertices connected to each other by edges in such a way that an overall length is minimum. We specify a particular class of Steiner trees that we call holographic. Their characteristic property is that a holographic Steiner tree with N endpoints can be inscribed into an N-gon with N − 1 ideal vertices. The holographic Steiner trees are dual to large-c conformal blocks. Particular examples of N = 2, 3, 4 Steiner trees as well as their dual conformal blocks are explicitly calculated. We discuss geometric properties of the holographic Steiner trees and their realization in CFT terms. It is shown that connectivity and cuts of the Steiner trees encode the factorization properties of large-c conformal blocks.


AdS-CFT Correspondence Conformal Field Theory 


Open Access

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.I.E. Tamm Department of Theoretical PhysicsP.N. Lebedev Physical InstituteMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Department of General and Applied PhysicsMoscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgoprudnyiRussia

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