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Journal of Rubber Research

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 153–164 | Cite as

Genetic Diversity of the 1995 RRIM Hevea Germplasm Collection for Utilisation in the Rubber Breeding Programme

  • A. F. AdifaizEmail author
  • N. A. Maiden
  • N. Aizat Shamin
  • S. Roslinda
  • Z. Suleiman
  • M. Y. Rafii
Article
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Abstract

This paper highlights major findings on genetic diversity of the 1995 RRIM Hevea germplasm collected from Brazilian states of Amazonas and Para. Results of this investigation revealed the presence of significant variations among genotypes of Hevea brasiliensis originating from eight different locations. Higher phenotypic coefficient of variation compared to genotypic coefficient of variation was observed for all characters studied indicating environmental influence on the expression of characters mentioned above. Latex yield recorded the highest magnitude of heritability coupled with the highest genetic advance signifying that selection of this character has a good response. The highest genetic distance was observed between Manaus and Atalaia do Norte while the lowest was between Benjamin Constant and Atalaia do Norte. According to cluster analysis, the eight collection origins were clustered into three groups. The first four components in the principal component analysis accounted for around 99. 70% in total variation of all main characters. These materials will be used for selection, genetic improvement and incorporation in Malaysian Rubber Board’s rubber breeding programme for the development of superior latex timber clones.

Keywords

Hevea brasiliensis genetic resources 1995 RRIM Hevea germplasm heritability genetic diversity 

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Copyright information

© The Malaysian Rubber Board 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. F. Adifaiz
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. A. Maiden
    • 1
  • N. Aizat Shamin
    • 1
  • S. Roslinda
    • 1
  • Z. Suleiman
    • 2
  • M. Y. Rafii
    • 2
  1. 1.Production Development DivisionMalaysian Rubber BoardSelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food SecurityUniversiti Putra MalaysiaSelangorMalaysia

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