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Journal of Rubber Research

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 135–152 | Cite as

Electrostrictive Properties of Poly(butadiene-co-acrylonitrile)-Polyaniline Dodecylbenzenesulfonate [NBR-PAni.DBSA] Blends: Effects of Conductive Filler Loading

  • K. C. YongEmail author
Article

Abstract

Peroxide-vulcanised NBR-PAni. DBSA blends with useful electrical conductivities (up to 10−1 S. cm−1) were prepared and their electrostrictive behaviours under certain levels of applied electric field were also successfully assessed. A reasonable high level of compatibility between NBR and PAni. DBSA was observed from both FT-IR spectroscopy and TEM microscopy studies. As found from both electrostrictive strain (Sz) tests, NBR-PAni. DBSA blends with 10.0–30.0 wt% of PAni.DBSA content possessed the best electrostrictive response (Sz up to 11.8%) with applied electrical field strengths up to 50 V/μm. Besides this, blends consisting of very low and very high PAni.DBSA contents (i.e. ≤ 5. 0 wt % and ≥ 40. 0 wt %) possessed poorer electrostrictive responses under the same level of applied electrical field due to their lower dielectrical properties and higher phase separation problem between the two major constituent polymers.

Keywords

conductive rubber nitrile rubber polyaniline electrostrictive behaviour electrical actuator 

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Copyright information

© The Malaysian Rubber Board 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Technology and Engineering Division, Rubber Research Institute of MalaysiaMalaysian Rubber BoardSelangorMalaysia

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