Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 100, Issue 1, pp 46–50 | Cite as

Location Restrictions on Smoking: Assessing their Differential Impacts and Consequences in the Workplace

  • Kirsten BellEmail author
  • Lucy McCullough
  • Karen Devries
  • Natasha Jategaonkar
  • Lorraine Greaves
  • Lindsay Richardson
Systematic Review



To analyze existing evidence on the impact of two types of location restrictions on smoking: workplace bans and bans in hospitality settings, and to assess the extent to which they differentially affect subpopulations.


A review of international studies on location restrictions on smoking published between 1990–2007.


Although workplace smoking bans reduce exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) at work, their effects on overall cigarette consumption and smoking prevalence may be uneven across the population. Bans in hospitality settings reduce SHS exposure among workers, but have potentially uneven effects based on the interactions between gender, socio-economic status (SES) and ethnicity. The unintended consequences of smoking bans are also more likely to be experienced by low SES groups.


Although location restrictions on smoking reduce SHS exposure and may serve to positively impact smoking behaviours, there is preliminary evidence that they may have a reduced impact on subpopulations such as low-income groups, although further research is needed.

Key words

Smoking restrictions secondhand smoke literature review diversity health disparities tobacco policies 



Analyser les données actuelles sur l’impact de restrictions relatives à l’usage du tabac dans deux types d’endroits: en milieu de travail et dans les bars et restaurants. Évaluer comment ces restrictions touchent différemment les sous-populations.


Analyse d’études internationales publiées entre 1990 et 2007 sur les restrictions à l’usage du tabac dans les lieux publics.


Bien que l’interdiction de fumer réduise l’exposition à la fumée secondaire au travail, les effets sur la consommation générale de cigarettes et sur la prévalence du tabagisme peuvent être inégaux dans la population. L’interdiction de fumer dans les bars et restaurants réduit l’exposition à la fumée secondaire chez le personnel, mais peut potentiellement avoir des effets inégaux selon les interactions entre le sexe, le statut socio-économique et l’origine ethnique. Les conséquences imprévues des interdictions de fumer auront tendance à être ressenties davantage par les personnes de statut socio-économique faible.


Les restrictions à l’usage du tabac dans certains lieux réduisent l’exposition à la fumée secondaire et peuvent avoir des effets positifs sur l’usage du tabac, mais les données préliminaires démontrent qu’elles peuvent avoir moins d’impact dans des sous-populations telles que les groupes à faible revenu; il faudrait toutefois pousser la recherche en ce sens.

Mots clés

restrictions relatives à l’usage du tabac fumée secondaire analyse documentaire diversité disparités en santé politiques sur le tabac 


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Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kirsten Bell
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Lucy McCullough
    • 2
    • 3
  • Karen Devries
    • 2
    • 4
  • Natasha Jategaonkar
    • 2
    • 5
  • Lorraine Greaves
    • 2
  • Lindsay Richardson
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Health SciencesSimon Fraser UniversityVancouverCanada
  2. 2.British Columbia Centre of Excellence for Women’s HealthVancouverCanada
  3. 3.University of TorontoTorontoCanada
  4. 4.London School of Hygiene and Tropical MedicineLondonUK
  5. 5.Framework Convention AllianceCanada

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