Advertisement

Canadian Journal of Public Health

, Volume 89, Supplement 1, pp S16–S21 | Cite as

Le développement de l’enfant comme déterminant de la santé

  • Clyde Hertzman
Article

Abrégé

Les liens complexes entre le cours de la vie et les conditions socio-économiques et psychosociales dans une société donnée ont un puissant effet déterminant sur la santé humaine. D’un mélange complexe d’influences psychosociales et matérielles qui s’exercent à divers niveaux de l’agrégation sociale, ainsi que d’une série de réponses biologiques dont le caractère et l’importance varient au cours de la vie, émerge un gradient socioéconomique de l’état de santé. L’enchâssement biologique et les modèles de la «latence» et des «cheminements» intègrent la notion d’une période critique dans le développement; le modèle des cheminements met l’accent sur l’effet cumulatif des événements vécus et sur l’importance soutenue des conditions socio-économiques et psychosociales pendant toute la vie. Les deux modèles, malgré leur complémentarité théorique, sont incompatibles sur le plan idéologique et se prêtent à des programmes d’action différents.

Bibliographie

  1. 1.
    World Bank. World Development Report. Investing in Health. World Development Indicators. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Wilkinson, RG. Income distribution and life expectancy. BMJ 1992;304:165–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Wilkinson, RG. National mortality rates: The impact of inequality. Am J Public Health 1992;82(8):1082–84.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Kaplan GA, Pamuk ER, Lynch JW, et al. Inequality in income and mortality in the United States: Analysis of mortality and potential pathways. BMJ 1996;312:999–1003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Kunst AE, Mackenbach, JP. An International Comparison of Socio-economic Inequalities in Mortality. Rotterdam: Erasmus University, 1992.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kunst AE, Guerts JJM, Berg J. Internation Variation in Socio-economic Inequalities in Selfreported Health. The Hague: Netherlands Central Bureau of Statistics, 1992.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hertzman C, Wiens M. Child development and long-term outcomes: A population health perspective and summary of successful interventions. Soc Sci Med 1996;43(7):1083–95.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kittner SJ, White LR, Farmer ME, et al. Methodological issues in screening for dementia: The problem of education adjustment. J Chron Dis 1986;39(3):163–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    D’Arcy C. Education and socio-economic status as risk factors for dementia: Data from the Canadian Study of Health and Aging. Neurobiology of Aging 1994;14: S40.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fratiglioni L, Jorm AF, Grut M, et al. Predicting dementia from the mini-mental state examination in an elderly population: The role of education. J Clin Epidemiol 1993;46(3):281–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Stern Y, Gurland B, Tatemichi TK, et al. Influence of education and occupation on the incidence of Alzheimer’s disease. JAMA 1994;271:1004–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mortimer JA, Graves, AB. Education and other socioeconomic determinants of dementia and Alzheimer’s disease. Neurology 1993;43:S39-S44.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Evans DA, Beckett LA, Albert MS, et al. Level of education and change in cognitive function in a community population of older persons. Ann Epidemiol 1993;3(1):71–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Meaney M, Aitken D, Bhatnager S, et al. Effect of neonatal handling on age-related impairments associated with the hippocampus. Science 1988;239:766.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Barker D, Osmond C. Infant mortality, childhood nutrition, and ischaemic heart disease in England and Wales. Lancet 1986;May 10:1077–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Barker D, Osmond C, Golding J, et al. Growth in utero, blood pressure in childhood and adult life, and mortality from cardiovascular disease. BMJ 1989;298:564–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Barker D, Osmond C, Winter P, et al. Weight in infancy and death from ischaemic heart disease. Lancet 1989;September 9:577–80.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Barker D, Bull A, Osmond C, Simmonds S. Fetal and placental size and risk of hypertension in adult life. BMJ 1990;301:259–62.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Barker D. The intrauterine environment and adult cardiovascular disease. In: The Childhood Environment and Adult Disease. Wiley, Chichester: Ciba Foundation Symposium 1991;156:3–16.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Barker D, Martyn C. The maternal and fetal origins of cardiovascular disease. J Epidemiol Commun Health 1992;46:8–11.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Barker D, Godfrey K, Osmond C, Bull A. The relation of fetal length, ponderal index and head circumference to blood pressure and the risk of hypertension in adult life. Pediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology 1992;6:35–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Barker D, Meade T, Fall C, et al. Relation of fetal and infant growth to plasma fibrinogen and factor VII concentrations in adult life. BMJ 1992;304:148–52.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Barker D, Osmond C, Simmonds S, Wield G. The relation of small head circumference and thinness at birth to death from cardiovascular disease in adult life. BMJ 1993;306:422–26.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Schweinhart LJ, Barnes HV, Weikart, DP. Significant benefits: The High/Scope Perry preschool study through age 27. Monographs of the High/Scope Educational Research Foundation 1993;10.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Palmer, FH. Long-term gains from early intervention: Findings from longitudinal studies. In: Zigler E, Valentine J (Eds.), Project Head Start: A Legacy of the War on Poverty. New York: The Free Press, 1979.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Case R, Griffin S. Rightstart: An early intervention program for insuring that children’s first formal learning of arithmetic is grounded in their intuitive knowledge of numbers. Report to the James S. McDonnell Foundation, 1991.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Pulkkinen L, Tremblay, RE. Patterns of boys’ social adjustment in two cultures and at different ages: A longitudinal perspective. Int J Behav Dev 1992;15:527–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Power C, Manor O, Fox J. Health and Class: The Early Years. London: Chapman & Hall, 1991.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Haan M, Kaplan GA, Camacho T. Poverty and health: Prospective evidence from the Alameda County Study. Am J Epidemiol 1987;125:989–97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Karasek R, Theorell T. Healthy Work: Stress, Productivity, and the Reconstruction of Working Life. New York: Basic Books, 1990.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Marmot M. Explaining Socioeconomic Differences in Sickness Absence: The Whitehall II Study. Toronto: Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, 1993.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Marmot M, Smith G, Stansfeld S, et al. Health inequalities among British Civil Servants: The Whitehall II Study. Lancet 1991;337:1387–93.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Marmot M, Kogevinas M, Elston M. Social/economic status and disease. Annu Rev Public Health 1987;8:111–35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Wolfson M, Rowe G, Gentleman J, Tomiak M. Career earnings and death: A longitudinal analysis of older Canadian men. Canadian Institute for Advanced Research, Population Health Working Paper, 12, Toronto, 1991.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    OECD and Statistics Canada. Literacy, Economy, and Society: Results of the First International Adult Literacy Survey. OECD/Ministry of Industry Canada, 1995.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Canadian Public Health Association 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Département des soins de santé et d’épidémiologie, Faculté de médecineédifice James MatherVancouverCanada

Personalised recommendations