Interceram - International Ceramic Review

, Volume 65, Issue 7, pp 19–23 | Cite as

Elastic and Mechanical Fatigue at High Temperatures of High-Alumina Castables with Addition of Partially Stabilized Zirconia

  • S. EtzoldEmail author
  • N. Traon
  • T. Tonnesen
  • R. Telle
Review Papers


This work evaluates the impact of added zirconia on the thermomechanical and thermoelastic fatigue properties of high-alumina refractory castables. Three testing scenarios are presented in the study: 1) Resonant Frequency Damping Analysis (RFDA) after cyclic temperature changes with and without mechanical load, 2) Refractoriness under Load (RuL) tests, and 3) results of abrupt temperature shifts between two high temperatures in a special thermal shock furnace. The tested refractory formulations were a reference castable based on tabular alumina and two castables each containing 13.75 mass-% of zirconia. The formulations of the zirconia castables had an addition of either fully-stabilized zirconia doped with 8 mol-% yttria (Y-FSZ) or partially-stabilized zirconia doped with 3 mol-% calcia (Ca-PSZ). The Y-FSZ castable displayed elastic and mechanical behaviour by means of RFDA and RuL similar to the reference sample and had good recovery after thermal shock testing. The Ca-PSZ formulation showed some beneficial toughening through energy dissipation of progressing cracks, but after cooling exhibited the matrix fracturing influence of the martensitic zirconia phase transformation which would negatively impact service life of the refractory.


Young’s modulus thermomechanical properties resonant frequency damping analysis thermal shock resistance transformation toughening 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. [1]
    Hülsenberg, D.: Keramik — Wie ein alter Werkstoff hochmodern wird. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg (2014) 99–103Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    Carter, C.B., Norton, M.G.: Ceramic Materials, Springer Science + Business Media, New York (2007) 335–337Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    Ritchie, R. O.: Mechanisms of fatigue crack propagation in metals, ceramics and composites: Role of crack tip shielding. Materials Science and Engineering A 103 (1988) 15–28CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. [4]
    Roebben, G., Donzel, L., Stemmer, S., Stehen, M., Schaller, R., van der Biest, O.: Viscous energy dissipation at high temperatures in silicon nitride. Acta mater. 46 (1998) [13] 4711–4723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. [5]
    Roebben, G., Bollen, B., Brebels, A., van Humbeeck, J., van der Biest, O.: Impulse excitation apparatus to measure resonant frequencies, elastic moduli, and internal friction at room and high temperature. Review of Scientific Instruments 68 (1997) 4511–4515CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. [6]
    Sibil, A., Erauw, J.P., Cambier, F., R’Mili, M., Godin, N., Fantozzi, G.: Study of damage of high zirconia fused-cast refractories by measurement of Young’s modulus. Materials Science and Engineering A 521–522 (2009) 221–223CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. [7]
    Schnieder, J., Sannikow, V., Tonnesen, T., Telle, R.: Influence of the temperature interval on the microstructural damage and the crack propagation in modified high alumina refractory castables. Proc. 296, 14th Biennial Worldwide Congress UNITECR, Vienna (2015)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Mineral EngineeringRWTH Aachen UniversityAachenGermany

Personalised recommendations