Interceram - International Ceramic Review

, Volume 64, Issue 6–7, pp 287–290 | Cite as

Characterization Using XPS and XRD of Ti(C,N) Coating Properties for Cutting Tool Applications

  • P. C. SiowEmail author
  • J. A. Ghani
  • R. J. Talib
  • M. J. Ghazali
  • C. H. Che Haron
High-Performance Ceramics


The properties of titanium carbonitride (TiCN) are a result of its composition, which can be adjusted by controlling the material’s C-N ratio to a precise level. An experimental study was conducted to vary the composition and properties of TiCN. The substrate used for cathodic arc physical vapour deposition (CAPVD) was tungsten carbide (WC-6Co), which was prepared in-house by a powder metallurgy process. Pure titanium (Ti) was used as a cathode and source of Ti. Methane (CH4) and nitrogen (N2) gases were used as sources of C and N to form the Ti(C,N) coating applied in the CAPVD process. Tests showed that the composition and properties of Ti(C,N) were successfully varied by controlling the CH4-N2 ratio. The surface microhardness of coated carbide samples improved and the coefficient of friction declined as the carbon content incorporated within the Ti(C,N) coating increased.


TiCN coating cathodic arc physical vapour deposition (CAPVD) XRD XPS cutting tool 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. C. Siow
    • 1
    Email author
  • J. A. Ghani
    • 1
  • R. J. Talib
    • 2
    • 3
  • M. J. Ghazali
    • 1
  • C. H. Che Haron
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering Faculty of Engineering and Built EnvironmentUniversiti Kebangsaan MalaysiaBangi, SelangorMalaysia
  2. 2.Advanced Materials Research Centre SIRIM BerhadKulim, KedahMalaysia
  3. 3.Fakulti Kejuruteraan MekanikalUniversiti Teknologi MARAPermatang Pauh, Pulau PinangMalaysia

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