Large-Scale Preparation of Carbon Nanotubes via Catalytic Pyrolysis of Phenolic Resin at Low Temperature

  • Junkai Wang
  • Xiangong Deng
  • Haijun ZhangEmail author
  • Feng Cheng
  • Faliang Li
  • Shaowei Zhang
Review Papers


Carbon nanotubes (CNTs) were prepared through catalytic pyrolysis of phenol resin at 600°C under Ar atmosphere using ferric nitrate as the catalyst precursor. The structure and morphology of pyrolyzed resin were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The results show that the optimum growth temperature of the CNTs is 600°C, and other heating temperatures lower or higher than 600°C are not suitable for large-scale preparation of CNTs. Moreover, the ferric nitrate experienced the following phase transformation: Fe3O4 at 400°C, catalytically active Fe at 600°C and catalytically inactive (Fe, C) carbide at 800 and 1000°C. Based on the SEM and TEM results, a four-step mode of Vapour-solid-solid (VSS) and tip growth mechanism was revealed for the formation of CNTs from catalytic pyrolysis of phenol resin.


carbon nanotubes ferric nitrate pyrolysis phenolic resin catalytic 


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Copyright information

© Springer Fachmedien Wiesbaden 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Junkai Wang
    • 1
  • Xiangong Deng
    • 1
  • Haijun Zhang
    • 1
    Email author
  • Feng Cheng
    • 1
  • Faliang Li
    • 1
  • Shaowei Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.The State Key Laboratory of Refractories and MetallurgyWuhan University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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