Advertisement

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 13, Issue 5, pp 248–251 | Cite as

Efect of non-functional teeth on accumulation of supra-gingival calculus in children

  • M. AshkenaziEmail author
  • R. Miller
  • L. Levin
Article
  • 66 Downloads

Abstract

AIM: To evaluate the occurrence of supra-gingival calculus in children aged 6–9 years with disuse conditions such as: presence of dental pain, open-bite or erupting teeth. METHODS: A cohort of 327 children aged 7.64±2.12 (range: 6–9) years (45% girls) were screened for presence of supra-gingival calculus in relation to open bite, erupting teeth and dental pain. Presence of dental calculus was evaluated dichotomically in the buccal, palatinal/lingual and occlusal surfaces. Plaque index (PI) and gingival index (GI) were also evaluated. RESUTS: Supra-gingival calculus was found in 15.9% of the children mainly in the mandibular incisors. Children aged 6–7 years had a higher prevalence of calculus as compared to children aged 7–8 years (23% vs. 13.5%, p=0.057) or 8–9 years (23% vs. 12.4%, p=0.078), respectively. No statistical relation was found between plaque and gingival indices and presence of calculus. The prevalence of calculus among children with open-bite was significantly higher than that of children without open-bite (29.4% vs. 10.7%, p=0.0006, OR=3.489). The prevalence of calculus among children with erupting teeth in their oral cavity was higher than that of children without erupting teeth (17.7% vs. 9%, respectively, p=0.119). No statistical correlation was found between presence of dental pain and calculus (15.4% vs. 15.9%; p=0.738). CONCLUSION: Accumulation of calculus in children aged 6–10 years was found mainly in the mandibular incisors, decreased with age and was correlated with open-bite.

Key words

Open-bite disuse prevention plaque scaling 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Albandar JM, Brown LJ, Loe H. Clinical features of early onset periodontitis. J Am Dent Assoc 1997; 128:1393–1399.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Albander JM, Kingman A, Brown LJ, Löe H. Gingival infammation and subgingival calculus as determinants of disease progression in early onset periodontitis. J Clin Periodontol 1998; 25:231–237.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bhat M. Periodontal health of 14–17 year old US schoolchildren. J Public Health Dent 1991; 51:5–11.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bimstein E. Frequency of alveolar bone loss adjacent to proximal caries in the primary molars and healing due to restoration of the teeth. Pediatr Dent 1992; 14:30–33.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Bimstein E, Shapira J, Landau E, Sela MN. The relationship between alveolar bone loss and proximal caries in children: prevalence and microbiology. ASDC J Dent Child 1993; 60:99–103.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Bimstein E, Garcia-Godoy F. The signifcance of age, proximal caries, gingival infammation, probing depths and the loss of lamina dura in the diagnosis of alveolar bone loss in the primary molars. ASDC J Dent Child 1994; 61:125–128.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Bimstein E, Treasure ET, Williams SM, Denver JG. Alveolar bone loss in 5-year old New Zealand children: its prevalence and relationship to caries prevalence, socioeconomic status and ethnic origin. J Clin Periodontol 1994; 21:447–450.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bimstein E, Zaidenberg R, Soskolne AW. Alveolar bone loss and restorative dentistry in the primary molars. J Clin Pediatr Dent 1996; 21:51–54.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Bimstein E, Wagner M, Nauman RK, Abrams RG, Shapira L. Root surface characteristics of primary teeth from children with prepubertal periodontitis. J Periodontol 1998; 69:337–347.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Delima AJ, Sjodin BE, Tonetti MS et al. Periodontal diseases in children, adolescents, and young adults. In: Bimstein E, Needleman H, Karimbux N, Van Dyke TE. Editors. Periodontal and gingival health and diseases. Children, Adolescents, and Yong adults. Martin Dunitz Compant. 1st Edition, 2001. Pages:84-85.Google Scholar
  11. Demmer RT, Papapanou PN. Epidemiologic patterns of chronic and aggressive periodontitis. Periodontol 2000 2010; 53:28–44.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Durward CS, Wright FAC. The dental health of Indo-Chinese and Australian-born adolescents. Aust Dent J 1989; 34:233–239.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fischman SL. Clinical index systems used to assess the efcacy of mouthrinses on plaque and gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol 1988; 15:506–510.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hugson A, Koch G, Rylander H. Prevalence and distribution of gingivitis -periodontitis in children and adolescents Experimiological data as a base for risk group selection. Scand Dent J 1981; 5:91–103.Google Scholar
  15. Jamison HC. Prevalence of periodontal disease of the deciduous teeth. J Am Dent Assoc 1963; 66:207–215.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Levin L, Baev V, Lev R, Stabholz A, Ashkenazi M. Aggressive periodontitis among young Israeli army personnel. J Periodontol 2006; 77:1392–1396.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Lobene RR, Weatherford T, Ross NM, Lamm RA, Menaker L. A modifed gingival index for use in clinical trials. Clin Prev Dent 1986; 8:3–6.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Löe H, Brown LJ. Early onset periodontitis in the USA. J Periodontol 1991; 62:608–616.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Mariotti A. Plaque-Induced Gingival Diseases. In: Lindhe J, Lang NP, Karring T. Editors: Clinical Periodontology and Implant Dentistry, 5th Edition, Wiley-Blackwell, 2008. pp. 405-427.Google Scholar
  20. Matsson L, Hjerding K, Sjodin. B Periodontal conditions in Vietnamese immigrant children in Sweden. Swed Dent J 1995; 18:73–81.Google Scholar
  21. McDerra EJ, Pollard MA, Curzon ME. Dental status of asthmatic British school children. Pediatr Dent 1998; 20:281–287.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. McDonald RE, Avery DR, Dean JA. Editors. Dentistry for the Child and Adolescent 8th Edition, Mosby. St Louis, 2000. pp. 105-106, 390-410, 470-485. 251Google Scholar
  23. Miyazaki H, Hanada N, Andoh MI et al. Periodontal disease prevalence in different age groups in Japan assessed according to CPITN. Commun Dent Oral Epidemiol 1989; 17:71–74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Pattanporn K, Navia JM. The relationship of dental calculus to caries, gingivitis and selected salivary factors in 11 to 13 year old children in Chiang May, Thailand. J Periodontol 1998; 69:955–961.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Pinkham JR, Casamassimo PS, Fields HW, McTigue DJ, Nowak AJ. Editors. Pediatric Dentistry, infancy through adolescence. Saunders Company, Philadelphia. 1988. pp. 204, 237-254.Google Scholar
  26. Proffit WW and Fields HW Jr. Contemporary orthodontics. 2nd Edition, Mosby, St. Louis. 1986. pp. 13, 223,530-531, 556,589-590.Google Scholar
  27. Ranney RR. Pathogenesis of gingivitis. J Clin Periodontol 1986; 13:356–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Sjödin B, Matsson L. Marginal bone loss in the primary dentition. J Clin Periodontol 1994; 21:313–319.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Sjödin B, Arnrup K, Matsson L et al. Periodontal and systemic fndings in children with marginal bone loss in the primary dentition. J Clin Periodontol 1995; 22:214–224.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Stewart RE, Barber TK, Troutman KC, Wei SHY. Editors: Pediatric dentistry: Scientifc foundations and clinical practice. Mosby, St. Louis, MO. 1982:110-127.Google Scholar
  31. Wei SH, Lang N P. Periodontal epidemiological indices for children and adolescents: II. Evaluation of oral hygiene; III. Clinical applications. Pediatr Dent 1982; 4:64–73.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Tel-AvivIsrael
  2. 2.Faculty of Medicine, Technion, IIT, and Department of PeriodontologyRambam Health Care CampusHaifaIsrael

Personalised recommendations