Development of a new technique (ATP) for training visually impaired children in oral hygiene maintenance
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AIM: To develop a special oral health education technique and compare plaque scores before and after health education. STUDY DESIGN: Non-randomised before and after comparison trial without controls. METHODS: The final study population comprised of 96 visually impaired children aged 6–18 years old. Silness and Loe plaque index scores were recorded at baseline. ‘Audio tactile performance technique’ (ATP Technique) a specially designed health education method was used to educate these children regarding oral hygiene maintenance. Periodic reinforcement of health education was performed at an interval of 9 months. Re-examination was carried out after 18 months of health education to assess plaque scores. STATISTICS: Wilcoxon’s sign rank test and paired t test was used to assess the difference between the scores before and after health education. RESILTS: There was increase in frequency of tooth brushing after health education. The mean plaque scores pre- and post-health education were 1.41 (±0.58) and 0.63 (±0.39) respectively. The difference was statistically significant (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Visually impaired children could maintain an acceptable level of oral hygiene when taught using special customised methods.
Key wordsVisually impaired plaque scores health education
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