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European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 124–127 | Cite as

Chemotherapy-induced oral mucositis in a patient with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia

  • A. L. Rímulo
  • Meire Coelho FerreiraEmail author
  • M. H. Abreu
  • J. C. Aguirre-Neto
  • S. M. Paiva
Article

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Oral mucositis is the main complication of chemotherapy and radiotherapy used in the treatment of cancer. Phototherapy has proven effective in the treatment of mucositis, as it accelerates the tissue healing process and has both analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. CASE REPORT: This paper reports the case of a paediatric patient with oral mucositis stemming from chemotherapy employed for the treatment of acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. TREATMENT: The lesions were treated daily with a light-emitting diode (LED). FOllOW-UP: Remission of the lesions occurred after 10 days of treatment. CONCLUSIONS: LED was effective in the treatment of mucositis, as it diminished pain symptoms and accelerated the tissue repair process.

Key words

acute lymphoblastic leukaemia children chemotherapy oral mucositis phototherapy 

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Copyright information

© European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. L. Rímulo
    • 1
  • Meire Coelho Ferreira
    • 2
    Email author
  • M. H. Abreu
    • 3
  • J. C. Aguirre-Neto
    • 4
  • S. M. Paiva
    • 2
  1. 1.School of DentistryItaúna UniversityBrazil
  2. 2.Dept Paediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of DentistryFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil
  3. 3.Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry, School of DentistryFederal University of Minas GeraisBrazil
  4. 4.Service of Clinic Oncology of the Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Belo HorizonteBrazil

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