Advertisement

European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 38–41 | Cite as

Preferences of dentist’s attire in a group of Istanbul school children related with dental anxiety

  • O. O. KuscuEmail author
  • E. Çaglar
  • N. Kayabasoglu
  • N. Sandalli
Short Communication

Abstract

AIM: This was to assess children’s preferences for each of four different kinds of dental attire and to consider the relationship between children’s preferences and levels of dental anxiety. METHODS: A group of 827 children aged 9–14 years looked at anonymised photographs and were asked to say which of four dental attires they would prefer their dentists to wear “if they had been to a dental clinic”. Children’s Fear Survey Schedule — Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) was used to evaluate the children’s anxiety level. RESULTS: Formal attire was the first preference for 45.6 % of the children (n: 377), followed by the child-friendly attire with a preference of 30.5% (n:144). There were 350 children (42.3%) who were diagnosed as anxious (CFSS-DS ≥32) and 477 children (57.7%) were diagnosed as non-anxious (CFSS-DS <32). Anxious children were found to prefer the formal attire significantly less than non-anxious ones (p=0.010). CONCLUSIONS: The popular view that children are fearful of white coats was not found in this survey. More children were observed to prefer the formal attire. However, the concept of “child-friendly” attire might be more appropriate for anxious children and enhance an easy first communication with them.

Keywords

anxiety attire children paediatric dentistry preference 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Aartman IH, van Everdingen T, Hoogstraten J, Schuurs AH. Self-report measurements of dental anxiety and fear in children:a critical assessment. J Dent Child 1998; 65:252–258.Google Scholar
  2. Barrett TG, Booth IW. Sartorial eloquence:does it exist in the paediatrician-patient relationship? Br Med J 1994; 309:1710–1712.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bedi R, Sutcliffe P, Balding JW. Dental health related behaviour of Scottish and English secondary school children. Commun Dent Health 1990; 7:149–156.Google Scholar
  4. Buchanan H, Niven N. Validation of a Facial Image Scale to assess child dental anxiety. Int J Paediatr Dent 2002; 12:47–52.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Cohen SD. Children’s attitudes toward dentists’ attire. ASDC J Dent Child. 1973; 40:285–287.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Klinberg G, Berggren U, Carlsson SG, Noren JG. Child dental fear: cause-related factors and clinical effects. Eur J Oral Sci 1995; 103:405–412.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Klingberg G, Raadal M. Behavior management problems in children and adolescents. In: Koch G, Poulsen S, Eds. Pediatric Dentistry-a clinical approach. 53–70, Munksgaard, Copenhagen 2001.Google Scholar
  8. Kuscu OO. Examination of children’s pain and anxiety by psychometric, physiologic and observational methods during dental treatment and local anaesthesia by two different dental injectors. PhD Thesis. Istanbul, Turkey: Institute of Health Sciences, Marmara University, 2006.Google Scholar
  9. Kuscu OO, Akyuz S. Children’s preferences concerning the physical appearance of dental injectors. ASDC J Dent Child 2006; 73:116–121.Google Scholar
  10. Matsui D, Cho M, Rieder MJ. Physicians’ attire as perceived by young children and their parents:the myth of the white coat syndrome. Pediatr Emerg Care 1998; 14:198–201.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Marino RV, Rosenfeld W, Narula P, Karakurum M. Impact of pediatricians’ attire on children and parents. J Dev Behav Pediatr 1991; 12:98–101.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. McCarthy JJ, McCarthy MC, Eilert RE. Children’s and parents’ visual perception of physicians. Clin Pediatr 1999; 38:145–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Nuttall NM, Bradnock G, White D, et al. Dental attendance in 1998 and implications for the future. Br Dent J 2001; 190:177–182.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Rachman S. The conditioning theory of fear acquisition:a critical examination. Behav Res Therapy 1977; 15:375–387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Siegel LJ, Smith KE, Cantu GE, Posnick WR. The effects of using infection-control barrier techniques on young children’s behavior during dental treatment. ASDC J Dent Child. 1992; 59:17–22.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Steen WM. Our relation to children. Dent Rev 1891; 5:534–537.Google Scholar
  17. Townend E, Dimigen G, Fung D. A clinical study of child dental anxiety. Behav Res Therapy 2000; 38:31–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Vagnoli L, Caprilli S, Robiglio A, Messeri A. Clown doctors as a treatment for preoperative anxiety in children:A randomized, prospective study. Pediatr 2005; 116:563–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Versloot J, Veerkamp J, Hoogstraten J. Dental anxiety and psychological functioning in children:its relationship with behaviour during treatment. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent 2008; 9 Suppl 1:36–40.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Zwart DL, Kimpen JL. The white coat in pediatrics:link between medical history and preference for informally dressed physicians. Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd. 1997; 18; 2020–2024.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Adis International 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • O. O. Kuscu
    • 1
    Email author
  • E. Çaglar
    • 1
  • N. Kayabasoglu
    • 1
  • N. Sandalli
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. Paediatric Dentistry, Dental School, School of DentistryYeditepe UniversityGoztepe IstanbulTurkey

Personalised recommendations