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European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 262–264 | Cite as

Disparities in oral health of children in Tehran, Iran

  • Z. Saied-Moallemi
  • J. I. VirtanenEmail author
  • A. Tehranchi
  • H. Murtomaa
Article

Abstract

Amis: This was to investigate the association between parents’ educational level and oral health of Iranian primary school children. Methods: Data came from the voluntary clinical examination in 2005 of a random sample of 459 third-year primary school children in the 16 schools in Tehran, together with a self-administered questionnaire regarding information on the educational level of the parents. The study used the dmft/DMFT values for dental status, and the CPI, and PI to assess periodontal condition. Statistics: One-Way ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis and Mann-Whitney U tests were used. Results: The mean dmft value was 4.2 (SD±2.9) in boys and 3.4 (SD±2.6) in girls for the whole study group. The children of the low education parents had more dental caries than those of high education parents in both primary (p< 0.01) and in permanent teeth (p< 0.05). A strong association was found between high parental education and restorations in primary teeth (p< 0.001), but only a trend for restorations in permanent teeth. Mean number of sextants with a CPI score 0 was significantly associated with parents’ educational level (p< 0.01). Conclusion: The disparities in the oral health of children need to be considered when developing oral health promotion programmes.

Key words

Children Dental health surveys Oral health Parents’ education Socio-economic factors 

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Copyright information

© European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Saied-Moallemi
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. I. Virtanen
    • 1
    Email author
  • A. Tehranchi
    • 2
  • H. Murtomaa
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Dentistry, Dept. of Oral Public HealthUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.School of DentistryShahid Beheshti Medical UniversityTehranIran

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