European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry

, Volume 7, Issue 4, pp 246–252 | Cite as

An in vitro comparison of short and long term shear bond strengths of polyacid modified composite resins to primary human and bovine enamel and dentine

  • K. C. TitleyEmail author
  • S. Childers
  • G. Kulkarni


Aim: This in vitro study compared the shear bond strengths and fracture patterns over 7 and 180 day periods of two PMCR’s bonded to both human and bovine primary tooth enamel and dentine to determine if the bovine tooth model is a suitable substitute for the human tooth model. Methods: Flattened enamel and dentine surfaces were produced using water irrigated #600 grit SiC paper and the teeth randomly placed in groups of N=10. Cylinders of Dyract AP (Dentsply/De Trey) or F2000 (3M/ESPE) were bonded to the surfaces that were either etched with 37% H3PO4 (etch, E groups) or treated with their respective conditioners, primers and adhesives (no etch, NE groups). The teeth were stored in distilled water at 37°C and shear bond strength (SBS) tested to failure at either 7 (human and bovine) or 180 days (bovine). The modes of failure were assessed under a dissecting microscope at x30. Results: In general the results showed comparable mean SBS for both human and bovine enamel with Dyract AP, E and NE, and F2000, E. Lower enamel SBS were recorded for F2000 NE but there was no significant difference between the species. There were no significant differences in mean SBS for bovine enamel after long term storage. For dentine, significantly larger SBS were recorded for human teeth versus bovine teeth for all of the four bonding protocols. There were also significant species differences, the mean SBS for Dyract AP, E and F2000, E for human dentine were higher than bovine but the mean SBS for the respective NE groups showed no significant differences between the species. It was concluded that 37% H3PO4 has a detrimental effect on SBS for bovine dentine. Over long term storage SBS of bovine dentin bonds decreased. The modes of failure were related to SBS with varying degrees of significance. Conclusion: Bovine primary incisor enamel and dentine, provided the latter is not conditioned with 37%H3PO4, are suitable alternative test SBS substrates for human enamel and dentine.

Key words

shear bond strength compomers primary bovine teeth primary human teeth 


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Copyright information

© European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dept. Paediatric Dentistry, Faculty of DentistryUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada

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