Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 21, Issue 2, pp 170–175 | Cite as

Interpretation of tidal bundles: Two reasons for a paradigm shift

  • Gerald M. FriedmanEmail author
  • Chandan Chakraborty


Two questions are raised with regard to interpretation of tidal bundles. 1. Does the thick-thin alternation of foreset laminae generally represent semi-diurnal tide? 2. Is it a valid inference that the packages of mud-draped foresets, which occur in alternation with packages of foresets devoid of mud-drapes in a cross-set, denote neap periods? Under certain circumstances (1) thick-thin alternation can develop in a diurnal tidal regime, and (2) packages of mud-draped foresets may form during spring periods.


Tidal bundle cross-stratification spring-neap cycle tidal periodicity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. ALEXANDER, C.R., DAVIS, R.A., and HENRY, V.J., eds., 1998, Tidalites: Processes and Products. SEPM Special Publication, v. 61, 171 p.Google Scholar
  2. ALLEN, J.R.L., 1985, Principles of Physical Sedimentology. George Allen & Unwin, 272 p.Google Scholar
  3. ALLEN, J.R.L., 1981, Lower Cretaceous tides revealed by crossbedding with mud drapes:Nature, v. 289, p. 579–581.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. ARCHER, A.W., KUECHER, G.J., and KVALE, E.P., 1995, The role of tidal-velocity asymmetries in the deposition of silty tidal rhythmites (Carboniferous, Eastern Interior Coal Basin, U.S.A.):Journal of Sedimentary Research, no. A65, p. 408–416.Google Scholar
  5. ARCHER, A.W., 1996, Reliability of lunar orbital periods extracted from ancient cyclic tidal rhythmites:Earth & Planetary Science Letters, no. 141, p. 1–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. DALYRYMPLE, R.W., 1992, Tidal depositional systems.In R.G. Walker and N.P. James, eds., Facies Models: Response to sea level changes. Geological Association of Canada, p. 195–218.Google Scholar
  7. DE BOER, P.L., OOST, A.P., and VISSER, M.J., 1989, The diurnal inequality of the tide as a parameter for recognizing tidal influences:Journal of Sedimentary Petrologv, no. 59, p. 912–921.Google Scholar
  8. DE BOER, P.L., VAN GELDER, A., and NIO, S.D., eds., 1988, Tide-influenced sedimentary environments and facies. Kluwer Academic Publishers.Google Scholar
  9. FLEMMING, B.W. and BAROTOLOMA, A., eds., 1995, Tidal signatures in modern and ancient sediments. Blackwell Science, 368 p.Google Scholar
  10. FRIEDMAN, G.M. and SANDERS, J.E., 1978, Principles of Sedimentology. John Wiley & Sons, 792 p.Google Scholar
  11. FRIEDMAN, G.M., SANDERS, J.E., and KOPASKA-MERKEL, D.C., 1992, Principles of Sedimentary Deposits: Stratigraphy and Sedimentology. Macmillan Publishing Company, New York, 717 p.Google Scholar
  12. KVALE, E.P., ARCHER, A.W., MASTALERZ, M., FELDMAN, H.R., and HESTER, N.C., 1997, Guidebook to: Tidal rhythmites and their applications. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists-Society of Economic Palaeontologists and Mineralogists Joint Convention, no. 101.Google Scholar
  13. KVALE, E.P., JOHNSON, H.W., SONETT, C.P., ARCHER, A.W., and ZAWISTOSKI, A., 1999, Calculating lunar retreat rates using tidal rhythmites:Journal of Sedimentary Research, v. 69, p. 1154–1168.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. MAKHLOUF, I.M., 2003, Fluvial/tidal interaction at the southern Tethyan strandline during Triassic Mukheiris times in central Jordan:Sedimentary Geology, v. 21, p. 377–385.Google Scholar
  15. NIO, S.D. and YANG, C.H., 1991, Diagnostic attributes of clastic tidal deposits: a review.In D.G., Smith, G.F. Reinson, B.A. Zaitlin, and R.A. Rahmani, eds., Clastic Tidal Sedimentology. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Calgary, Alta, p. 3–28.Google Scholar
  16. READING, H.G. and COLLINSON, J.D., 1996, Clastic coasts.In H.G. Reading, ed., Sedimentary Environments.-Processes, Facies and Stratigraphy. Blackwell Science, p. 154–231.Google Scholar
  17. REINECK, H.E. and WUNDERLICH, F., 1968, Classification and origin of flaser and lenticular bedding:Sedimentology, v. 11, p. 99–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. SMITH, D.G., REINSON, G.F., ZAITLIN, B.A., and RAHMANI, R.A., eds., 1991, Clastic Tidal Sedimentology. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists, Calgary, Alta.Google Scholar
  19. VISSER, M.J., 1980, Neap-spring cycles reflected in Holocene subtidal large-scale bedform deposits: a preliminary note:Geology, v. 8, p. 543–546.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. YANG, C.S. and NIO, S.D., 1985, The estimation of Palaeohydrodynamic processes from subtidal deposits using time series analysis methods:Sedimentology, v. 32, p. 41–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Northeastern Science FoundationTroy
  2. 2.Geological Studies UnitIndian Statistical UnitKolkataIndia

Personalised recommendations