Advertisement

Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 68–78 | Cite as

Evaporites in Albania and their impact on the thrusting processes

  • Telo VelajEmail author
Article

Abstract

The Upper Triassic evaporites are widespread in Albania, Greece, and Montenegro (mainly on External zones). They belong to the Alpine orogene system of the Periadriatic chains. The Upper Triassic age of the evaporites up to date had been determined by spore-pollen examinations only for the Ionian zone. For the Kruja and Korabi zones there are no determinations. All the evaporite outcrops in the Ionian zone (Dumrea’s, Glina’s Zavrohona’s, Delvina’s, Picar-Kardhiqi’s, Bashaj’s, Xara’s, Filat’s etc) result from eruption under the effect of thrust tectonics. The wells drilled both in Albania and Greece have shown a wide extension of the evaporites on the surface. The evaporite outcrops are absent in the Kruja zone in Albania. Evaporitic diapirs have extruded through the thrusting faults of the zones, belts and units. In some cases they have flowed nearly vertically in the center of the carbonate anticlinal structures. The External zones resulted from the orogenic activity over which evaporites have played a large role with the form of folds and thrust belts. Especially, they have helped the thrusting process of the structural belts and tectonic zones.

Keywords

Fault Plane Evaporite Ionian Zone Rift Stage Petroleum Geologist Bulletin 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. BORNOVAS, I., and RONDOGIANI-TSIAMBAOU, TH., 1983, Geological Map of Greece. Second Edition, Athens.Google Scholar
  2. DRAGASEVIC, T., 1983, Oil geologic exploration in the Montenegro offshore in Yugoslavia:Nafta, v. 34, p. 397–404.Google Scholar
  3. IFP-IGRS 1969, 1967, Etude geologique de l’Epire. (Grecee nord occidentale) Paris.Google Scholar
  4. JENKINS, D.L., 1972, Structural development of western Greece:American Association of Petroleum Geologist Bulletin, v. 56, no. 1, p. 148–159.Google Scholar
  5. MARCO, P., 1975, An outline of Italian Geology AGIP Milano Italy, Tripoli.Google Scholar
  6. MARTINIS, B. and PIERI, M., 1963, Alcune notizie sulla formazione evaporitica del Triassico Meridionale: Mem. Soc. Geol Bologna. IV, p. 648–678.Google Scholar
  7. MELO, V., ALIAJ, SH., KODRA, A., LULO, P., GJATA, K., and HOXHA, V., 1991, Tectonic windows of the outer zones in the estern regions of Albaniades:Geological Sciences Bulletin, p. 24–30, (in Albanian).Google Scholar
  8. MILJUSH, P., 1973, Geologic tectonic structure and evolution of outer Dinarides and Adriatic area:American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 57, no. 5.Google Scholar
  9. MUHAMETI, P. and PEJO, I., 1974, The age of evaporite deposits of Ionian zone:Geological Bulletin, no. 3, p. 193–231 (in Albanian).Google Scholar
  10. VELAG, T., 1995, The effect of the evaporites tectonic structural model of the Berati anticlinal Belt: Conference “Current and future problems of oil industry in Albania”, Tirana, March 31, 1995, Special Edition, p. 146–160.Google Scholar
  11. VELAG, T., 1985, Evaporit tectonic role in determination of the Ionian tectonic zone physionomy:Oil and Gas Bulletin, p. 17–38, (in Albanian).Google Scholar
  12. VELAG, T., 1989, About the style and tectogenesis of External Albanides:Oil and Gas Journal, nos. 1, 2, 3–19, and 4–20, (in Albanian).Google Scholar
  13. VELAG, T., PREMTI, I., BANDILLI, L. and BAJO, I., 1990, Evaporitic diapirism in Albania and its influence on the thrust tectonic style:Geological Science Bulletin, p. 43–50 (in Albanian).Google Scholar
  14. VELAG, T., 1983, Evaporitic diapirism in the Dumrea cupola and its importance for the oil and gas exploration (Thesis). Tirana.Google Scholar
  15. VELAG, T. and XHUFI, C., 1995, The evaporite effect on the tectonic style of the internal Ionian subzone of the Albanides: The 57th EAGE Conference and Technical exhibition, Glasgow, Abstract, p. 574.Google Scholar
  16. VELAG, T., XHUFI, C., and JANO, K., 1995, The structural model of the Dumrea evaporitic diapir in the Albanides Ionian zone: XV Congress of the Carpathio — Balkan Geological Association, Athens, September 17–20, abstract, p. 29.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2002

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Warrington

Personalised recommendations