Carbonates and Evaporites

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 181–190 | Cite as

Carbonate storm deposits (Tempestites) of Middle to Upper Cambrian age in the Helan Mountains, northwest China

  • Liang Chuanmao
  • Gerald M. Friedman
  • Zheng Zhaochang


Storm-influenced shelf carbonate deposits are well developed in the Middle to Upper Cambrian of the Helan Mountains, northwest China. The storm-influenced sequences can be divided into four major kinds of facies based on their lithologic and petrographic characteristics. They are: 1) supra-intertidal stromatolite-tempestite association, 2) barrier skeletal-oolitic tempestite association, 3) upper shelf proximal micrite-tempestite association, and 4) lower or distal shelf shale-micrite tempestite association. Lithofacies changes and tempestite relationships indicate that the shelf deepened to the south. Vertical frequencies in the sequence of storm deposits display cyclic changes on different orders. These cycles and cyclic orders reflect distinct episodic storm events.


Cambrian Stromatolite Micrite Grainstone Ooids 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Liang Chuanmao
    • 1
  • Gerald M. Friedman
    • 2
    • 3
  • Zheng Zhaochang
    • 4
  1. 1.China University of Geosciences (Beijing)BeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of GeologyBrooklyn College and Graduate School of the City University of New YorkBrooklynU.S.A.
  3. 3.Northeastern Science Foundationaffiliated with Brooklyn College of the City University of New YorkTroy
  4. 4.Geological Institute of Ningxia ProvinceYinchuanChina

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