Women in the 1946 and 1993 Japanese house of Representatives elections: The role of the election system
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Japan ranks near the bottom among the world’s democracies in electing women to public office. This is typically attributed to its male-dominated culture. While we do not dismiss this cultural argument, we focus on the House of Representatives to present evidence that the Japanese election system has been a significant barrier to women. Japan was a world leader in electing women under the 1946 election system but, when the system changed in 1947, a steady decline began in elected women. The new election system recently adopted will only marginally increase the election of women to the House of Representatives.
KeywordsElectoral System Liberal Democratic Party Northeast ASIAN Study Social Democratic Party Woman Candidate
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