Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Patient safety in anesthesia — continuing challenges and opportunities

La sécurité du patient en anesthésie — possibilités et défis permanents


  1. 1

    Kohn LT, Corrigan JM, Donaldson MS. To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System. Washington, DC: National Academies Press; 2000. [http:/ ex.html]

  2. 2

    Building a Safer System: A National Integrated Strategy for Improving Patient Safety in Canadian Health Care. September 2002,

  3. 3

    Siker ES. APSF History. Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation. Pittsburgh: PA. December 2002 [].

  4. 4

    Burnham M, Craig DB. A post-anaesthetic follow-up program. Can Anaesth Soc J 1980; 27: 164–8.

  5. 5

    Cohen MM, Duncan PG, Pope WDB, Wolkenstein C. A survey of 112,000 anaesthetics at one teaching hospital (1975–83). Can Anaesth Soc J 1986; 33: 22–31.

  6. 6

    Ong B, Cohen MM, Gumming M, Palahniuk RJ. Obstetrical anaesthesia at Winnipeg Women’s Hospital 1975–83: anaesthetic techniques and complications. Can J Anaesth 1987; 34(3 Pt 1): 294–9.

  7. 7

    Shephard DAE. Guidelines to the practice of anesthesia.In: Watching Closely Those Who Sleep. Can J Anaesth 1993; Supplement 40(6): 83–100.

  8. 8

    Canadian Anesthesiologists’ Society. Guidelines to the Practice of Anesthesia, revised edition, 2002. Supplement to the Canadian Journal of Anesthesia, November. [ practice.asp]; 2002; 49.

  9. 9

    Lee TH. A broader concept of medical errors. Editorial. N Engl J Med 2002; 347: 1965–7.

  10. 10

    Weiss M, Balmer C, Cornelius A, Frey B, Bauersfeld U, Baenziger O. Arterial fast bolus flush systems used routinely in neonates and infants cause retrograde embolization of flush solution into the central arterial and cerebral circulation. Can J Anesth 2003; 50: 386–91.

  11. 11

    Vicente KJ, Kada-Bekhaled K, Hillel G, Cassano A, Orser BA. Programming errors contribute to death from patient-controlled analgesia: case report and estimate of probability. Can J Anesth 2003; 50: 328–32.

  12. 12

    APSF response to the IOM report. Anesthesia Patient Safety Foundation, Pittsburgh: PA. []; December 2002.

  13. 13

    Blendon RJ, DesRoches CM, Brodie M, et al. Views of practicing physicians and the public on medical errors. N Engl J Med 2002; 347: 1933–40.

  14. 14

    Orser BA, Miller DR. New opportunities for anesthesia research in Canada (Editorial). Can J Anesth 2002; 49: 895–9.

  15. 15

    Miller RD. The future of anesthesiology: let’s act now. ASA Newsletter. American Society of Anesthesiologists 2002; 66: 35–6; [].

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to John G. Wade.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Wade, J.G. Patient safety in anesthesia — continuing challenges and opportunities. Can J Anesth 50, 319 (2003).

Download citation