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Financial support: The study was supported by the Department of Anesthesia, Toronto Western Hospital, University of Toronto.
Conflict of interest: None.
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Wong, D.T., Kirkham, K. Rapid estimation of distance from the tip of the tracheal tube to carina using fibreoptic bronchoscopy. Can J Anesth 55, 787–788 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03016355
- Cardiogenic Shock
- Tracheal Tube
- Direct Laryngoscopy
- Chronotropic Effect
- Distance Marker