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Hydromorphogeological mapping of Panwari area, Hamirpur district, Uttar Pradesh using satellite data

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The area around Panwari town, Hamirpur district, Uttar Pradesh, faces acute water scarcity and chronically drought prone. The groundwater resources in the area have not been fully exploited. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the groundwater prospective zones. Landsat TM and IRS-1A LISS-II data have been used to differentiate different hydromorphogeological units and to delineate the major trends of lineaments. The digitally enhanced False Colour Composite, Principal Component Analysis and Edge Detections were useful for better correlation. The digital enhancement was helpful with identification of faint lineaments. In addition, the boundaries of various lands forms were better discriminable on the digitally enhanced products. The deeply and moderately weathered buried pediplains are the most potential zones for groundwater targeting. Occurrence of lineaments in such zones is also a favourable indicator. A number of promising groundwater well sites have been located in the pediplains.

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Correspondence to S Ravi Prakash.

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Prakash, S.R., Mohan, R. Hydromorphogeological mapping of Panwari area, Hamirpur district, Uttar Pradesh using satellite data. J Indian Soc Remote Sens 24, 97–103 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03016121

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  • False Colour Composite
  • Edge Enhancement
  • Land Form
  • Groundwater Prospect
  • Quartz Reef