Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates



  • 237 Accesses

  • 2 Citations


  1. 1

    Viljoen JF, Estafanous FG, Kellner GA. Propranolol and cardiac surgery. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1972; 64: 826–30.

  2. 2

    Slogoff S, Keats AS, Ott E. Preoperative propranolol therapy and aortocoronary bypass operation. JAMA 1978; 240: 1487–90.

  3. 3

    Ponten J, Haggendal J, Milocco I, Waldenstrom A. Long-term metoprolol therapy and neuroleptanesthesia in coronary artery surgery: withdrawal vs maintenance of beta-1 adrenoreceptor blockade. Anesth Analg 1983; 62: 380–90.

  4. 4

    Matangi MF, Strickland J, Garbe GJ et al. Alenolol for the prevention of arrythmias following coronary artery bypass grafting. Can J Cardiol 1989; 5: 229–34.

  5. 5

    Slogoff S, Keats AS. Randomized trial of primary anesthetic agents on outcome after coronary artery bypass operations. Anesthesiology 1989; 70: 179–88.

  6. 6

    Cluing F, Horston PL, Cheng DHC et al. Calcium channel blockade does not offer adequate protection from perioperative myocardial ischemia. Anesthesiology 1988; 69: 343–7.

  7. 7

    Slogoff S, Keats AS. Does perioperative myocardial ischemia lead to postoperative myocardial infarction? Anesthesiology 1985; 62: 107–14.

  8. 8

    Stone JG, Föex P, Sear JW et al. Myocardial ischemia in untreated hypertensive patients: effect of a single small oral dose of a beta-adrenergic blocking agent. Anesthesiology 1988; 68: 495–500.

  9. 9

    Roizen MF. Should we all have a sympathectomy at birth? Or at least preoperatively? Anesthesiology 1988; 68: 482–4.

  10. 10

    Kovac AL, Goto H, Pardo MP, Arakawa K. Comparison of two esmolol bolus doses and placebo on haemodynamics and seizure duration during electroconvulsive therapy. Can J Anaesth 1991; 38: 204–9.

  11. 11

    Miller DR, Martineau RJ. Bolus administration of esmolol for the treatment of intraoperative myocardial ischaemia. Can J Anaesth 1989; 36: 593–7.

  12. 12

    Thorne AC, Bedford RF. Esmolol for perioperative management of thyrotoxic goiter. Anesthesiology 1989; 71: 291–4.

  13. 13

    Seneff M, Scott J, Friedman B, Smith M. Acute theophylline toxicity and the use of esmolol to reverse cardiovascular instability. Ann Emerg Med 1990; 19: 671–3.

  14. 14

    Platia EV, Michelson EL, Porterfleld JK, Das G. Esmolol versus verapamil in the acute treatment of atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter. Am J Cardiol 1989; 63: 925–9.

  15. 15

    Tuman KJ, McCarthy RJ, Wong CA et al. Comparative effects of esmolol and verapamil in a model of supraventricular tachydysrhythmia. Anesthesiology 1990; 73: 467–73.

  16. 16

    Ralley FE, Ramsay JG, Wynands JE et al. Esmolol reduces nitroprusside induced tachycardia after abdominal aortic surgery. Can J Anaesth 1989; 36: S167.

  17. 17

    Muzzi DA, Black S, Losasso TJ, Cucchiara RF. Labelolol and esmolol in the control of hypertension after intracranial surgery. Anesth Analg 1990; 70: 68–71.

  18. 18

    Boylan JF, O’Leary G, Weisel RD el al. A comparison of diltiazem, esmolol, nifedipine, and nitroprusside therapy of post-CABG hypertension. Can J Anaesth 1990; 37: S156.

  19. 19

    Withington DE, Ramsay JG, Ralley FE et al. Attenuation of the heart rate response to intubation by bolus doses of esmolol. Can J Anaesth 1989; 36: S166.

  20. 20

    Kirshenbaum JM, Kloner RF, McGowan N, Antman EM. Use of an ultrashort-acting beta-receptor blocker (esmolol) in patients with acute myocardial ischemia and relative contraindications to beta-blockade therapy. J Am Coll Cardiol 1988; 12: 773–80.

  21. 21

    Sheppard D, DiStefano S, Byrd RC et al. Effects of esmolol on airway function in patients with asthma. J Clin Pharmacol 1986; 26: 169–74.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to James G. Ramsay.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ramsay, J.G. Esmolol. Can J Anaesth 38, 155–158 (1991). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03008136

Download citation