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Parallel between antianxiety and cardiovascular effects of chlordiazepoxide in genetically nervous dogs

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Abstract

There is evidence that cardiac arrhythmias are partially of CNS origin, and that certain drugs affect arrhythmia, both positively and negatively, through CNS action. We hypothesized and confirmed that chlordiazepoxide diminished the well-established incidence of arrhythmias (A-V blocks and nodal escapes) in five nervous pointer dogs. It is known that this drug normalizes behavior and aids in the bar-pressing performance of nervous dogs. Nervous dogs tend to have low heart rates (HRs) while normals have higher HRs. Chlordiazepoxide increased HRs in our five nervous dogs, and we postulated that HR increase would be less or none in normals. This was confirmed in a later study of five normals. A further study of eight normal dogs and eight nervous dogs essentially reproduced these findings, suggesting the possibility that the slow heart rates and the behavioral abnormality have a common basis, expected to be some CNS biochemical lesion.

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References

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Correspondence to John L. Chapin.

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Chapin, J.L., Newton, J.E.O. Parallel between antianxiety and cardiovascular effects of chlordiazepoxide in genetically nervous dogs. Pav. J. Biol. Sci. 14, 1–9 (1979). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03001811

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Keywords

  • Chlordiazepoxide
  • Ventricular Premature Contraction
  • Slow Heart Rate
  • Ventricular Ectopic Beat
  • Chlordiazepoxide Effect