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Evolution of the DNA methylase protein family in vertebrates

Evoluzione delta famiglia di proteine DNA metilasiche nei vertebrati

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Abstract

Employing a chromatofocusing technique, it is possible to resolve the DNA methylase system into several protein components characterized by different isoelectric points: 7 components, in fishes; 5, in amphibia; 6, in reptilia; 5, in birds; and 4, in mammals. Thus, a reduction of the structural heterogeneity of this system took place as the vertebrate evolution was progressing. When calf thymus DNA was used as substrate, the specific DNA methylase activity in mammals was about 20 times lower than that measured in fishes, amphibia, reptilia and birds. In birds and mammals, the SDS-denaturing gel electrophoresis of the DNA methylase components always revealed a protein of 45 KD. In birds, in addition, another protein of 60 KD was observed. This protein was not present in fishes, amphibia and reptilia.

Riassunto

Mediante chromatofocusing è stato possibile scomporre il sistema DNA metilasico in varie componenti caratterizzate da punti isoelettrici diversi: 7 componenti, nei pesci; 5, negli anfibi; 6, nei rettili; 5, negli uccelli; 4, nei mammiferi. Col progredire dell’evoluzione dei vertebrati, si verifica quindi una graduale riduzione dell’eterogeneità strutturale di questo sistema. Impiegando come substrato del DNA da timo di vitello, l’attività DNA metilasica specifica nei mammiferi è circa 20 volte inferiore a quella misurata nei pesci, negli anfibi, nei rettili e negli uccelli. Negli uccelli e nei mammiferi, 1a gel elettroforesi di tutte 1e componenti DNA metilasiche in SDS dénaturante rivela sempre una proteina di 45 KD. Negli uccelii, oltre a questa, compare una proteina di 60 KD. Tale componente non è présente nei pesci, negli anfibi e nei rettili.

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Author information

Correspondence to Pietro Volpe or Orazio Cascio.

Additional information

Nella seduta del 18 giugno 1993.

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Volpe, P., Cascio, O. Evolution of the DNA methylase protein family in vertebrates. Rend. Fis. Acc. Lincei 5, 79–87 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03001439

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Key words

  • DNA methylase system
  • Evolution
  • Vertebrates