Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Ethanol’s influence on the stimulus level required to evoke an orienting response in goldfish

  • 17 Accesses

Abstract

In goldfish the heart rate orienting response to periodic photic stimuli was measured by a specially designed computer that also regulated the intensity of the stimuli to maintain the response. When ethanol was administered, the fish then exhibited orienting responses to less intense stimuli; this increased excitability was maintained for the duration of all tests(i.e., a maximum of 26 hours). There also seemed to be a residual increase of excitability lasting as long as 7 days after the ethanol was administered.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Greizerstein, H.B. and Smith, C. M.: Development and loss of tolerance to ethanol in goldfish.J. Pharmacol. Exp. Ther.,187:391, 1973.

  2. Kalant, H.et al.: Tolerance to, and dependence on, some non-opiate psychotrophic drugs.Pharmacol. Rev.,23:135, 1971.

  3. McCleary, R. and Burnstein, J.: A unique method for control of brightness cues in study of color vision in fish.Physiol, Zool.,22:284, 1959.

  4. Offutt, G. C.: Response of the Tautog(Tautoga Onitis, Teleost) to acoustic stimuli measured by classically conditioning the heart rate.Cond. Reflex.,6:205, 1971.

  5. Offutt, G. C.: Structures for the detection of acoustic stimuli in the Atlantic codfish(Gadus Morhua). J. Acoust. Soc. Am.,56:665, 1974.

  6. Pavlov, I. P.:Lectures on Conditional Reflexes. Gantt, H. W. (tr. and ed.). New York, 2nd edition International Pub. (Book) Vol. 1, 1941.

  7. Raynes, A., Ryback, S. R. and Ingle, D.: The effect of alcohol on aggression in Betta Splendens.Common. Behav. Biol.,2:141, 1968.

  8. Robinson, J. and Gantt, W. H.: The orienting reflex (questioning reaction): Cardiac, respiratory, salivary and motor components.Bull. Johns Hopkins Univ.,80:231, 1947.

  9. Ryback, R. S.: State-dependent or “dissociated” learning with alcohol in the goldfish. Q. J. Stud. Alc.,30:598, 1969a.

  10. Ryback, R. S.: The use of goldfish as a model for alcohol amnesia in man. Q. J. Stud. Alc.,30:877, 1969b.

  11. Ryback, R. S.: Effect of ethanol, bourbon and various ethanol levels on Y-maze learning in the goldfish.Psychopharmacology,14:305, 1969c.

  12. Ryback, R. S.: The use of fish, especially goldfish, in alcohol research. Q. J. Stud. Alc.,31:162, 1970.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to George C. Offutt.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Offutt, G.C., Gritzke, R.R. Ethanol’s influence on the stimulus level required to evoke an orienting response in goldfish. Pav. J. Biol. Sci. 13, 113–120 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03000673

Download citation

Keywords

  • Stimulus Intensity
  • Stimulus Level
  • Orienting Response
  • Intense Stimulus
  • Siamese Fighting Fish