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Integrated horn antennas for millimeter-wave applications

Antennes cornets intéGRées pour applications en ondes millimétriques

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Abstract

This paper reviews the development of integrated horn antennas since their introduction in 1987. The integrated horn is fabricated by suspending a dipole antenna on a thin dielectric membrane in a pyramidal cavity etched in silicon. Recent progress resulted in optimized low and high-gain designs with single and double-polarizations for remote-sensing and communication applications. A fullwave analysis technique have resulted in an integrated antenna with performance comparable to that of waveguide-fed corrugated horn antennas. The integrated horn design can be easily extended to large arrays for imaging and phased array applications while still leaving plenty of room for the rf and w processing circuitry. Theoretical and experimental results at microwave frequencies and at 90, 240 and 802 GHz will be presented.

Résumé

Etude du développement de telles antennes depuis leur introduction en 1987. Le cornet intégré est fabriqué en suspendant une antenne doublet à une membrane diélectrique mince dans une cavité pyramidale creusée dans du silicium. Des progrès récents ont été réalisés en optimisant les conceptions en gain faible ou en gain élevé avec double ou simple polarisation pour les applications en télécommunication et en télédétection. Le concept de cornet intégré peut aisément être étendu à des réseaux de grande dimension pour imageur ou dispositif à commande de phase, tout en laissant beaucoup de place pour les circuits de traitement du signal en fréquence intermédiaire ou en radiofréquence. Présentation des résultats théoriques et expérimentaux dans le domaine des microondes et aux fréquences de 90, 240 et 802 GHz.

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Correspondence to Gabriel M. Rebeiz or David B. Rutledge.

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Rebeiz, G.M., Rutledge, D.B. Integrated horn antennas for millimeter-wave applications. Ann. Télécommun. 47, 38–48 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02998725

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Key words

  • Horn antenna
  • Microwave antenna
  • Millimetric wave
  • Antenna array
  • Plane antenna
  • Orthogonal polarization

Mots clés

  • Antenne comet
  • Antenne hyperfréquence
  • Onde millimétrique
  • Antenne réseau
  • Antenne plane
  • Polarisation orthogonale